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El poder de mercado o eficiencia: origen de las utilidades del sistema bancario mexicano de 1995

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  • Julio César Arteaga García

    () (Facultad de Economía, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León.)

Abstract

Es común observar que a medida que el grado de concentración de una industria disminuye, sus empresas presentan resultados cada vez menos atractivos, en términos de ganancias. El debate se centra en la explicación de dicha relación positiva, pues, por un lado, el paradigma Estructura-Conducta-Desempeño (SCP) señala que las ganancias son mayores debido al poder de mercado que ejercen las empresas, mientras que la hipótesis de eficiencia destaca que la ventaja se da porque las empresas grandes pueden trabajar con costos menores. Utilizando datos para el sistema bancario mexicano en el periodo 1995–1999, ambas hipótesis son puestas a prueba para tratar de explicar el origen de las ganancias de los bancos en el país. En particular, se encuentra evidencia que apoya el punto de vista que sostiene el paradigma SCP.

Suggested Citation

  • Julio César Arteaga García, 2001. "El poder de mercado o eficiencia: origen de las utilidades del sistema bancario mexicano de 1995," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 35-48, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xx:y:2001:i:1:p:35-48
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    File URL: http://www.economia.uanl.mx/revistaensayos/xx/1/El_poder_de_mercado.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jean Tirole, 1988. "The Theory of Industrial Organization," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262200716, January.
    2. Peltzman, Sam, 1977. "The Gains and Losses from Industrial Concentration," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(2), pages 229-263, October.
    3. Demsetz, Harold, 1973. "Industry Structure, Market Rivalry, and Public Policy," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(1), pages 1-9, April.
    4. Berger, Allen N & Hannan, Timothy H, 1989. "The Price-Concentration Relationship in Banking," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 71(2), pages 291-299, May.
    5. Hannan, Timothy H & Berger, Allen N, 1991. "The Rigidity of Prices: Evidence from the Banking Industry," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 81(4), pages 938-945, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ruben Chavarin Rodriguez, 2015. "Determinants of Commercial Bank Profitability in Mexico," EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios, Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia., vol. 12(1), pages 97-123, Enero-Jun.

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