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Determinantes del aumento o disminución de empresas: Análisis por entidad federativa y estrato de edad. (The Determinants of the Increase and Decrease in the Number of Firms: An Analysis by State and Age Stratum)

Author

Listed:
  • Rolando I. Valdez

    () (Universidad Autónoma de Baja California. Tijuana, Baja California. México.)

  • Eder J. Noda Ramírez

    () (Universidad Iberoamericana. Xalapa, Veracruz. México.)

Abstract

En este trabajo, se pone a prueba la hipótesis de que los mismos factores afectan de manera distinta el aumento o disminución de empresas, según su edad. Para ello, se usan dos modelos de datos panel, cuya variable dependiente es el estrato de edad de la empresa: recién nacida, joven, adulta y mayor. En total, se estiman ocho ecuaciones utilizando variables explicativas de tipo económico y social. Entre los resultados más importantes destaca que el PIB, PIB per cápita, la TIIE, la Tasa de interés bancaria y la liquidez de la economía ejercen el mismo efecto, ceteris paribus, sobre la cantidad de empresas, independientemente de su edad. No obstante, la migración y la inseguridad afectan solo a las empresas recién nacidas y a las jóvenes.

Suggested Citation

  • Rolando I. Valdez & Eder J. Noda Ramírez, 2018. "Determinantes del aumento o disminución de empresas: Análisis por entidad federativa y estrato de edad. (The Determinants of the Increase and Decrease in the Number of Firms: An Analysis by State and ," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 77-98, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxxvii:y:2018:i:1:p:77-98
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Holtz-Eakin, Douglas & Joulfaian, David & Rosen, Harvey S, 1994. "Sticking It Out: Entrepreneurial Survival and Liquidity Constraints," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(1), pages 53-75, February.
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    4. Highfield, Richard & Smiley, Robert, 1987. "New business starts and economic activity : An empirical investigation," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 51-66, March.
    5. Pekka Ilmakunnas & Jukka Topi, 1999. "Microeconomic and Macroeconomic Influences on Entry and Exit of Firms," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer;The Industrial Organization Society, vol. 15(3), pages 283-301, November.
    6. Rangel González, Erick & Torre Cepeda, Leonardo E., 2015. "Determinants of the cost of starting a business in Mexico," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 430-449.
    7. García-Quevedo, José & Pellegrino, Gabriele & Vivarelli, Marco, 2014. "R&D drivers and age: Are young firms different?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(9), pages 1544-1556.
    8. Boeri, Tito & Bellmann, Lutz, 1995. "Post-entry behaviour and the cycle: Evidence from Germany," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 483-500, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Edad de empresas; determinantes; datos panel;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship

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