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Determinants of food security in rural areas of Pakistan


  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan
  • Toseef Azid
  • Mohammad Usama Toseef


Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to estimate those variables which have significant impact on the food security in a developing country such as Pakistan. The matter of food security in rural areas is of immense nature and needs to be probed. A number of factors are responsible for the situation. The current paper examines the determinants of three aspects of food security in rural areas of Pakistan, i.e. food availability, accessibility and absorption. Design/methodology/approach - To estimate the determinants of each component, a series of models is created, in which each component of food security is a function of socio-economic variables. Ordinary least square regression is used to estimate the coefficients. Findings - It has been observed from the results that the production of wheat, rice, maize, pulses, oilseeds, poultry meat and fish at the district level is found to affect food availability positively. All the district, except Sindh, is more probable to be food insecure in availability. In the food accessibility, electrification and adult literacy emerged as the factors having negative effect. Child immunization, safe drinking water and number of hospitals have shown positive effect on food absorption. Research limitations/implications - This is a first study which measures the determinants of three aspects of food security in rural areas of a developing country such as Pakistan, i.e. food availability, accessibility and absorption. This study provides a new road map for the next studies. Practical implications - The paper guides the policy makers and experts, showing how they are able to minimize the disparity among the different regions of a developing country such as Pakistan. Social implications - The paper will help to minimize the social disparity among the different segments of a developing country, especially in the rural areas, which is the most neglected part in most of the developing countries. Originality/value - The paper presents the first study of its nature which has been conducted in Pakistan.

Suggested Citation

  • Rana Ejaz Ali Khan & Toseef Azid & Mohammad Usama Toseef, 2012. "Determinants of food security in rural areas of Pakistan," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(12), pages 951-964, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijsepp:v:39:y:2012:i:12:p:951-964

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Shaheen Mahmood & Khalid Hameed Sheikh & Tallat Mahmood, 1991. "Food Poverty and its Causes in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 30(4), pages 821-834.
    2. Ather Maqsood Ahmed & Rehana Siddiqui, 1995. "Food Security in Pakistan: Can It Be Achieved?," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 34(4), pages 723-731.
    3. Joseph J. Molnar, 1999. "Sound Policies for Food Security: The Role of Culture and Social Organization," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 21(2), pages 489-498.
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    Cited by:

    1. Fatima, Hira & Ahmed, Mumtaz, 2019. "Testing for Exuberance Behavior in Agricultural Commodities of Pakistan," MPRA Paper 95304, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Hameed, Abdul & Padda, Ihtsham ul Haq & Salam, Abdul, 2020. "Estimating the Socio-Economic Factors of Food Insecurity in Pakistan:A Regional Level Analysis," MPRA Paper 102290, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Abafita, Jemal & Kim, Kyung-Ryang, 2014. "Determinants of Household Food Security in Rural Ethiopia: An Empirical Analysis," Journal of Rural Development/Nongchon-Gyeongje, Korea Rural Economic Institute, vol. 37(2), pages 1-29.
    4. Ahmed Raza CHEEMA* & Zafar ABBAS**, 2016. "Determinants of food Insecurity in Pakistan: Evidence from PSLM 2010-11," Pakistan Journal of Applied Economics, Applied Economics Research Centre, vol. 26(2), pages 183-213.
    5. Nasir Munir & Adiqa Kiani & Asia Baig, 2016. "Climate Change and Food Security in Pakistan: A Time Series Analysis," Global Economics Review, Humanity Only, vol. 1(1), pages 47-55, December.
    6. Julie E. Shortridge & Stefanie M. Falconi & Benjamin F. Zaitchik & Seth D. Guikema, 2015. "Climate, agriculture, and hunger: statistical prediction of undernourishment using nonlinear regression and data-mining techniques," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(11), pages 2367-2390, November.


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