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Market regimes, sectorial investments, and time-varying risk premiums

Author

Listed:
  • Peixin (Payton) Liu
  • Kuan Xu
  • Yonggan Zhao

Abstract

Purpose - This paper aims to extend the Fama and French (FF) three-factor model in studying time-varying risk premiums of Sector Select Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) under a Markov regime-switching framework. Design/methodology/approach - First, the original FF model is augmented to include three additional macro factors – market volatility, yield spread, and credit spread. Then, the FF model is extended to a model with a Markov regime switching mechanism for bull, bear, and transition market regimes. Findings - It is found that all market regimes are persistent, with the bull market regime being the most persistent, and the bear market regime being the least persistent. Both the risk premiums of the Sector Select ETFs and their sensitivities to the risk factors are highly regime dependent. Research limitations/implications - The regime-switching model has a superior performance in capturing the risk sensitivities of the Sector Select ETFs, that would otherwise be missed by both the FF and the augmented FF models. Originality/value - This is the first research on Sector Select ETFs with Markov regime switching.

Suggested Citation

  • Peixin (Payton) Liu & Kuan Xu & Yonggan Zhao, 2011. "Market regimes, sectorial investments, and time-varying risk premiums," International Journal of Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(2), pages 107-133, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijmfpp:v:7:y:2011:i:2:p:107-133
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Zhiping & Li, Gang & Zhao, Yonggan, 2014. "Time-consistent investment policies in Markovian markets: A case of mean–variance analysis," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 293-316.
    2. Leonard MacLean & Yonggan Zhao & William Ziemba, 2013. "Currency returns, market regimes and behavioral biases," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 249-269, May.
    3. Liu, Jia & Chen, Zhiping, 2018. "Time consistent multi-period robust risk measures and portfolio selection models with regime-switching," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 268(1), pages 373-385.
    4. Elizabeth Fons & Paula Dawson & Jeffrey Yau & Xiao-jun Zeng & John Keane, 2019. "A novel dynamic asset allocation system using Feature Saliency Hidden Markov models for smart beta investing," Papers 1902.10849, arXiv.org.
    5. Mohan Subbiah & Frank J Fabozzi, 2016. "Equity style allocation: A nonparametric approach," Journal of Asset Management, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 17(3), pages 141-164, May.
    6. MacLean, Leonard C. & Zhao, Yonggan & Ziemba, William T., 2016. "Optimal capital growth with convex shortfall penalties," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65486, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

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