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Okvir ekonomike na makro i mikro razini - odgovor na nove izazove

Author

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  • Tihomir Domazet

    (Hrvatski institut za financije i ra?unovodstvo, Zagreb)

Abstract

Ekonomski rast Hrvatske mjeren BDP-om, bruto doma?im proizvodom, u razdoblju 1990.–2010. realno je iznosio svega 3,7% (u PPP), a Hrvatska je u krizi, jer je pad realnog BDP bio u 2009. (6%) i 2010. godini (1,2%.). Sli?na su kretanja i u drugim gospodarstvima u okruženju. Kada se promatraju zemlje jugoisto?ne Europe, koja uklju?uje 12 država s približno 77 milijuna stanovnika i BDP-om oko 1.200 milijardi USD (PPP), prakti?no sve su zemlje 2010. godine imale nižu razinu razvijenosti u odnosu na EU nego je to bilo 1989. godine. Prosje?ni godišnji rast BDP-a u razdoblju 1990.-2010. iznosio je svega 0.89%, a neke su zemlje imale i realni pad BDP-a. To ukazuje na dubinu ekonomske krize i ujedno potrebu da se poduzmu ozbiljne mjere da se zaustave negativni trendovi i utemelji održiva ekonomska politika. Me?utim, ekonomski uvjeti u širem okruženju tako?er su nepovoljni. Europska unija je u dužni?koj krizi, a monetarna politika (eurozona) i zajedni?ke osnove fiskalne politike nemaju za sada odgovore na negativna kretanja, a vezano uz ?lanstvo Hrvatske u EU nema relevantne analize o utjecaju konvergencije i budu?ih kretanja EU. Neovisno o rješenju koja ?e poduzimati EU odnosno njene ?lanice, Hrvatskoj treba održiva ekonomska politika kao odgovor na brojne izazove. Može se ocijeniti da je potrebna cjelovita nova ekonomika na makro i mikro razini koja ?e utrti put održivog rasta i razvoja te odgovoriti na neizvjesnosti i izazove. Hrvatskoj je tako?er potrebna odgovaraju?a strategija dugoro?nog razvoja za razdoblje do 2020. ili 2025. godine. Okvir ekonomike na makro i mikro razini, naravno, ne zna?i novi teorijski pristup, ve? druk?iju ekonomsku politiku gdje središnje mjesto zauzima nacionalna štednja, zaposlenost i rast, a na mikro razini cjeloviti sustav inovacija (3T - tehnologija, talent i tolerancija), i povezanost sveu?ilišta, države i gospodarstva (triple helix model). Tako?er, u ovaj je okvir ugra?en i regionalni sustav inovacija odnosno iznalaženje mogu?nosti za konkurentnost na me?unarodnom tržištu regionalnim ekonomskim povezivanjem. Na kraju, ova se ekonomika može nazvati nova ekonomska paradigma, a ocjenjuje se mogu?im i potrebnim da takvu ekonomiku, primjereno svojim specifi?nostima, provedu gospodarstva u regiji koja su tako?er u dubokoj krizi.

Suggested Citation

  • Tihomir Domazet, 2011. "Okvir ekonomike na makro i mikro razini - odgovor na nove izazove," Ekonomija Economics, Rifin d.o.o., vol. 18(2), pages 197-232.
  • Handle: RePEc:eff:ekoeco:v:18:y:2011:i:2:p:197-232
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    : kriza; ekonomska politika; makroekonomika; mikroekonomika; sustav inovacija; regionalno povezivanje; konkurentnost; fiskalna politika; monetarna politika; državni dug; 3T; triple helix model;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • G1 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets

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