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Horizontal Equity and Taxpayer Characteristics: Who Is Advantaged and Disadvantaged by the Federal Income Tax?

  • Jane H. Leuthold

    (University of Illinois)

  • Ralph D. Husby

    (University of Illinois)

Registered author(s):

    In this paper, household utility levels are estimated indirectly from household labor-supply data to derive before- and after-tax utility indexes. A household is considered advantaged (disadvantaged) by the income tax if its utility index ranking increases (decreases) as a result of the tax. The study finds that tax-advantaged households have, on average, more children and are more likely to own their own homes while tax-disadvantaged households are more likely to be two-earner families. The implications of the findings for the horizontal equity of the income tax are discussed.

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    File URL: http://college.holycross.edu/RePEc/eej/Archive/Volume15/V15N1P35_44.pdf
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    Article provided by Eastern Economic Association in its journal Eastern Economic Journal.

    Volume (Year): 15 (1989)
    Issue (Month): 1 (Jan-Mar)
    Pages: 35-44

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    Handle: RePEc:eej:eeconj:v:15:y:1989:i:1:p:35-44
    Contact details of provider: Postal: c/o Dr. Alexandre Olbrecht, The Anisfield School of Business 205, Ramapo College, 505 Ramapo Valley Road, Ramapo, New Jersey 07430, USA
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    Web page: http://www.ramapo.edu/eea/journal.htmlEmail:


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    1. Mervyn A. King, 1980. "An Index of Inequality: With Applications to Horizontal Equity and Social Mobility," NBER Working Papers 0468, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Feldstein, Martin, 1976. "On the theory of tax reform," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1-2), pages 77-104.
    3. Wales, Terence J & Woodland, A D, 1977. "Estimation of the Allocation of Time for Work, Leisure, and Housework," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 45(1), pages 115-32, January.
    4. Rosen, Harvey S, 1978. "An Approach to the Study of Income, Utility, and Horizontal Equity," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 92(2), pages 307-22, May.
    5. King, Mervyn A, 1983. "An Index of Inequality: With Applications to Horizontal Equity and Social Mobility," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 51(1), pages 99-115, January.
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