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The effect of parking charges and time limit to car usage and parking behaviour


  • Simićević, Jelena
  • Vukanović, Smiljan
  • Milosavljević, Nada


Parking policies are considered a powerful tool for solving parking problems as well as problems of the transportation system in general (traffic congestion, modal split, etc.). To define parking policy properly, its effects must be estimated and predicted. In this paper, based on stated preference data and using a logistic regression, a model to predict the effects of introducing or changing the parking price and time limitation was developed. The results show that parking prices affect car usage, while time limitations determine the type of parking used (on-street or off-street). A positive finding for policy makers is that users with work are more sensitive to parking measures than are other users, so parking measures can be used to manage user categories. Although there is a concern that parking policy can jeopardise the attractiveness and efficiency of a zone, the results show that a very small number of users would give up travelling into the zone.

Suggested Citation

  • Simićević, Jelena & Vukanović, Smiljan & Milosavljević, Nada, 2013. "The effect of parking charges and time limit to car usage and parking behaviour," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 125-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:trapol:v:30:y:2013:i:c:p:125-131
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2013.09.007

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Hensher, David A. & King, Jenny, 2001. "Parking demand and responsiveness to supply, pricing and location in the Sydney central business district," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 177-196, March.
    2. Ibeas, Ángel & Cordera, Ruben & dell'Olio, Luigi & Moura, Jose Luis, 2011. "Modelling demand in restricted parking zones," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 45(6), pages 485-498, July.
    3. Tsamboulas, Dimitrios A., 2001. "Parking fare thresholds: a policy tool," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 8(2), pages 115-124, April.
    4. Andrew Kelly, J. & Peter Clinch, J., 2006. "Influence of varied parking tariffs on parking occupancy levels by trip purpose," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 487-495, November.
    5. Verhoef, Erik & Nijkamp, Peter & Rietveld, Piet, 1995. "The economics of regulatory parking policies: The (IM)possibilities of parking policies in traffic regulation," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 141-156, March.
    6. repec:ucp:bkecon:9781884829987 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Albert, Gila & Mahalel, David, 2006. "Congestion tolls and parking fees: A comparison of the potential effect on travel behavior," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(6), pages 496-502, November.
    8. D'Acierno, Luca & Gallo, Mariano & Montella, Bruno, 2006. "Optimisation models for the urban parking pricing problem," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 34-48, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gragera, Albert & Albalate, Daniel, 2016. "The impact of curbside parking regulation on garage demand," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 160-168.
    2. Chang, Ching-Ter & Chung, Cheng-Kung & Sheu, Jiuh-Biing & Zhuang, Zheng-Yun & Chen, Huang-Mu, 2014. "The optimal dual-pricing policy of mall parking service," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 223-243.
    3. Zhang, Rong & Zhu, Lichao, 2016. "Curbside parking pricing in a city centre using a threshold," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 16-27.
    4. Milosavljević, Nada & Simićević, Jelena, 2016. "User response to parking policy change: A comparison of stated and revealed preference data," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 40-45.
    5. repec:eee:phsmap:v:490:y:2018:i:c:p:1096-1110 is not listed on IDEAS


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