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Hinterland operations of sea ports do matter: Dry port usage effects on transportation costs and CO2 emissions

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  • Lättilä, Lauri
  • Henttu, Ville
  • Hilmola, Olli-Pekka

Abstract

Decreasing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is one of the most important tasks for the society in the 21st century. One possibility to decrease emissions originating from transportation is to utilize more rails instead of relying simply on road transportation. In the dry port concept an inland intermodal terminal is connected to a sea port using railways. This study analyzes impacts of dry ports in a Finnish context. We compare two different configurations: In the first one shippers drive directly to a sea port, while in the second one they use dry ports. The systems are evaluated by using discrete-event simulation. In the systems we are interested in two issues: (1) Level of CO2 emissions, and (2) Costs to transport the goods in different configurations. We use different scenarios for future energy prices and estimate both the costs and CO2 emission development in these scenarios. We also compare the results to a situation, where emissions are minimized instead of costs. Implications on larger scale are also discussed, for example in the Baltic Sea and North Sea area, where strict sulfur emission restrictions are seen to harm sea transport and increase concentration on small number of sea ports.

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  • Lättilä, Lauri & Henttu, Ville & Hilmola, Olli-Pekka, 2013. "Hinterland operations of sea ports do matter: Dry port usage effects on transportation costs and CO2 emissions," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 23-42.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:transe:v:55:y:2013:i:c:p:23-42
    DOI: 10.1016/j.tre.2013.03.007
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Holden, R. & Xu, B. & Greening, P. & Piecyk, M. & Dadhich, P., 2016. "Towards a common measure of greenhouse gas related logistics activity using data envelopment analysis," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 105-119.
    2. repec:eee:transe:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:178-202 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Subramanian, Nachiappan & Abdulrahman, Muhammad D. & Zhou, Xiaolai, 2015. "Reprint of “Integration of logistics and cloud computing service providers: Cost and green benefits in the Chinese context”," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 81-93.
    4. Sanchez Rodrigues, V. & Pettit, S. & Harris, I. & Beresford, A. & Piecyk, M. & Yang, Z. & Ng, A., 2015. "UK supply chain carbon mitigation strategies using alternative ports and multimodal freight transport operations," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 40-56.
    5. Diab, Fahd & Lan, Hai & Ali, Salwa, 2016. "Novel comparison study between the hybrid renewable energy systems on land and on ship," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 452-463.
    6. repec:eee:transe:v:113:y:2018:i:c:p:94-98 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Xie, Yangyang & Liang, Xiaoying & Ma, Lijun & Yan, Houmin, 2017. "Empty container management and coordination in intermodal transport," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 257(1), pages 223-232.
    8. Subramanian, Nachiappan & Abdulrahman, Muhammad D. & Zhou, Xiaolai, 2014. "Integration of logistics and cloud computing service providers: Cost and green benefits in the Chinese context," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 86-98.
    9. Qiu, Xuan & Lam, Jasmine Siu Lee & Huang, George Q., 2015. "A bilevel storage pricing model for outbound containers in a dry port system," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 65-83.
    10. Mansouri, S. Afshin & Lee, Habin & Aluko, Oluwakayode, 2015. "Multi-objective decision support to enhance environmental sustainability in maritime shipping: A review and future directions," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 3-18.

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    Keywords

    Transportation logistics; Simulation; Optimization; CO2 emissions; Costs; Oil price;

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