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Perspectives on Work-Family Conflict in Sport: An Integrated Approach


  • Dixon, Marlene A.
  • Bruening, Jennifer E.


The overall literature concerning work-family conflict is growing rapidly, but has failed to incorporate multiple theoretical levels. Instead, researchers have examined the construct from either an individual, structural, or social relations perspective. Investigation of work-family conflict by integrating multiple theoretical levels provides valuable insights regarding the processes and products of work-family conflict, as well as the larger structural and social meanings behind work, family and their interface. Further, sport offers an ideal context for the study of work-family conflict due to the long, non-traditional work hours and significant travel. This article reviews three commonly used theoretical approaches to the study of work-family conflict--individual, structural, and social relations. It then demonstrates within a sport context how the three approaches can be integrated both from a top-down and a bottom-up perspective to better understand the causes, consequences, and interpretation of work-family conflict as an individual experience bounded by and shaped in organisational and social realities.

Suggested Citation

  • Dixon, Marlene A. & Bruening, Jennifer E., 2005. "Perspectives on Work-Family Conflict in Sport: An Integrated Approach," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 227-253, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:8:y:2005:i:3:p:227-253

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Greenhaus, Jeffrey H. & Powell, Gary N., 2003. "When work and family collide: Deciding between competing role demands," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 291-303, March.
    2. Tenbrunsel, Ann E. & Brett, Jeanne M. & Maoz, Eyal & Stroh, Linda K. & Reilly, Anne H., 1995. "Dynamic and Static Work-Family Relationships," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 233-246, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Palmer, Farah R. & Leberman, Sarah I., 2009. "Elite athletes as mothers: Managing multiple identities," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 241-254, November.
    2. Cunningham, George B., 2013. "Theory and theory development in sport management," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 1-4.
    3. Burton, Laura J., 2015. "Underrepresentation of women in sport leadership: A review of research," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 155-165.
    4. Cunningham, George B., 2006. "Examining the Relationships among Coping with Change, Demographic Dissimilarity and Championing Behaviour," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 253-270, November.
    5. Pfister, Gertrud & Radtke, Sabine, 2006. "Dropping Out: Why Male and Female Leaders in German Sports Federations Break Off Their Careers," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 111-139, September.
    6. Doherty, Alison, 2013. "Investing in sport management: The value of good theory," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 5-11.


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