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“What could be” in Canadian sport facility environmental sustainability


  • Mallen, Cheryl
  • Chard, Chris


Sport facilities need to consider transforming for ES as Etzion (2007) noted that all organizations are now confronted with the environmental degradation situation. This means that there is a need to shift to practices that support environmental sustainability (ES) or the safeguarding of the natural environment. To aid industries to transport for ES, several profit and not for profit organizations have recently devised voluntary systems or standards to drive advances. Some Canadian sport facilities, however, are engaged in various stages of transforming for ES, with or without participation in a standard certification program. The authors of this manuscript propose that a vision of where the industry could be can aid in transforming the industry. The vision offered is framed with the Precautionary Principle, Appreciative Theory, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) and the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) Global Environment Outlook 4 (GEO4): Summary for Decision Makers (2007), an adaptation of Gunton and Joseph's (2007) manuscript “Toward a National Sustainable Development Strategy for Canada: Putting Canada on the Path to Sustainability Within a Generation”, the “Sustainable Value Framework” (Senge, Smith, Kruschiwitz, Laur, & Schley, 2008, p. 122), the Sport Event Environmental Performance Measure (Mallen, Stevens, Adams, & McRoberts, 2010) and the concept of Green Chemistry (Anastas & Warner, 1998; Iles, 2008). It is hoped that the vision presented spawns debate on sport facility ES. Additional research is needed to advance understandings in areas such as “What is the end point being sought in sport facility ES?” and “What is needed in terms of ES programs, measurements and reporting to reach a desired level of ES?” Time will tell if opportunities were taken to fully generate an impact concerning ES.

Suggested Citation

  • Mallen, Cheryl & Chard, Chris, 2012. "“What could be” in Canadian sport facility environmental sustainability," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 230-243.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:15:y:2012:i:2:p:230-243 DOI: 10.1016/j.smr.2011.10.001

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fairley, Sheranne & Tyler, B. David & Kellett, Pamm & D'Elia, Kari, 2011. "The Formula One Australian Grand Prix: Exploring the triple bottom line," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 141-152, May.
    2. David Gadenne & Jessica Kennedy & Catherine McKeiver, 2009. "An Empirical Study of Environmental Awareness and Practices in SMEs," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 84(1), pages 45-63, January.
    3. Mallen, Cheryl & Chard, Chris, 2011. "A framework for debating the future of environmental sustainability in the sport academy," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 424-433.
    4. Maria Masanet-Llodra, 2006. "Environmental Management Accounting: A Case Study Research on Innovative Strategy," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 68(4), pages 393-408, November.
    5. Boiral, Olivier & Sala, Jean-Marie, 1998. "Environmental management: Should industry adopt ISO 14001?," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 57-64.
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    Cited by:

    1. Rasa Apanavičienė & Ala Daugėlienė & Tautvydas Baltramonaitis & Vida Maliene, 2015. "Sustainability Aspects of Real Estate Development: Lithuanian Case Study of Sports and Entertainment Arenas," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(6), pages 1-26, May.


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