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Democratization and life expectancy in Europe, 1960–2008

Author

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  • Mackenbach, Johan P.
  • Hu, Yannan
  • Looman, Caspar W.N.

Abstract

Over the past five decades, two successive waves of political reform have brought democracy to, first, Spain, Portugal and Greece, and, more recently, Central and Eastern European countries. We assessed whether democratization was associated with improvements in population health, as indicated by life expectancy and cause-specific mortality rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Mackenbach, Johan P. & Hu, Yannan & Looman, Caspar W.N., 2013. "Democratization and life expectancy in Europe, 1960–2008," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 166-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:93:y:2013:i:c:p:166-175 DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.05.010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Shandra, John M. & Nobles, Jenna & London, Bruce & Williamson, J.B.John B., 2004. "Dependency, democracy, and infant mortality: a quantitative, cross-national analysis of less developed countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 321-333, July.
    2. Casey B. Mulligan & Ricard Gil & Xavier Sala-i-Martin, 2004. "Do Democracies Have Different Public Policies than Nondemocracies?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 18(1), pages 51-74, Winter.
    3. Klomp, Jeroen & de Haan, Jakob, 2009. "Is the political system really related to health?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 36-46, July.
    4. Granados, José A. Tapia, 2010. "Politics and health in eight European countries: A comparative study of mortality decline under social democracies and right-wing governments," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 71(5), pages 841-850, September.
    5. Koupilova, Ilona & McKee, Martin & Holcik, Jan, 1998. "Neonatal mortality in the Czech Republic during the transition," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(1), pages 43-52, October.
    6. Timothy Besley & Masayuki Kudamatsu, 2006. "Health and Democracy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(2), pages 313-318, May.
    7. Mackenbach, Johan P., 2013. "Political conditions and life expectancy in Europe, 1900–2008," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 134-146.
    8. John Bongaarts & Griffith Feeney, 2002. "How Long Do We Live?," Population and Development Review, The Population Council, Inc., vol. 28(1), pages 13-29.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Mackenbach, Johan P. & McKee, Martin, 2015. "Government, politics and health policy: A quantitative analysis of 30 European countries," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 119(10), pages 1298-1308.
    2. Herian, Mitchel N. & Tay, Louis & Hamm, Joseph A. & Diener, Ed, 2014. "Social capital, ideology, and health in the United States," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 30-37.
    3. repec:eee:socmed:v:190:y:2017:i:c:p:237-246 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Luck, J. & Peabody, J.W. & DeMaria, L.M. & Alvarado, C.S. & Menon, R., 2014. "Patient and provider perspectives on quality and health system effectiveness in a transition economy: Evidence from Ukraine," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 57-65.
    5. Vladimir A. Kozlov & Dina Y. Balalaeva, 2015. "Institutional Deficit and Health Outcomes in Post-Communist States," HSE Working papers WP BRP 25/PS/2015, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    6. Welander, Anna & Lyttkens, Carl Hampus & Nilsson, Therese, 2015. "Globalization, democracy, and child health in developing countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 52-63.
    7. Krueger, Patrick M. & Dovel, Kathryn & Denney, Justin T., 2015. "Democracy and self-rated health across 67 countries: A multilevel analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 137-144.

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