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Fat nation: Deciphering the distinctive geographies of obesity in England

Author

Listed:
  • Moon, Graham
  • Quarendon, Gemma
  • Barnard, Steve
  • Twigg, Liz
  • Blyth, Bill

Abstract

Much attention is focused on obesity by both the media and by public health. As a health risk, obesity is recognised as a contributing factor to numerous health problems. Recent evidence points to a growth in levels of obesity in many countries and particular attention is usually given to rising levels of obesity among younger people. England is no exception to these generalisations with recent studies revealing a clear geography to what has been termed an 'obesity epidemic.' This paper examines the complexities inherent in the geography of adult obesity in England. Existing knowledge about the sub-national geography of obesity is examined and assessed. Multilevel synthetic estimation is then used to construct an age-sex-ethnicity disaggregated geography of obesity. These differing geographies are compared and contrasted with pre-existing findings and explored at multiple scales. A complex picture of the geography of obesity in England is revealed.

Suggested Citation

  • Moon, Graham & Quarendon, Gemma & Barnard, Steve & Twigg, Liz & Blyth, Bill, 2007. "Fat nation: Deciphering the distinctive geographies of obesity in England," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 65(1), pages 20-31, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:65:y:2007:i:1:p:20-31
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Chou, Shin-Yi & Grossman, Michael & Saffer, Henry, 2004. "An economic analysis of adult obesity: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 565-587, May.
    2. Twigg, Liz & Moon, Graham, 2002. "Predicting small area health-related behaviour: a comparison of multilevel synthetic estimation and local survey data," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 54(6), pages 931-937, March.
    3. repec:aph:ajpbhl:2001:91:12:1995-2003_5 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Twigg, Liz & Moon, Graham & Jones, Kelvyn, 2000. "Predicting small-area health-related behaviour: a comparison of smoking and drinking indicators," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 50(7-8), pages 1109-1120, April.
    5. Kahn, Henry S. & Tatham, Lilith M. & Pamuk, Elsie R. & Heath, Clark W., 1998. "Are geographic regions with high income inequality associated with risk of abdominal weight gain?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-6, July.
    6. J Charlton, 1998. "Use of the Census Samples of Anonymised Records (SARs) and Survey Data in Combination to Obtain Estimates at Local Authority Level," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 30(5), pages 775-784, May.
    7. Diez-Roux, Ana V. & Link, Bruce G. & Northridge, Mary E., 2000. "A multilevel analysis of income inequality and cardiovascular disease risk factors," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 50(5), pages 673-687, March.
    8. Kim, Daniel & Subramanian, S.V. & Gortmaker, Steven L. & Kawachi, Ichiro, 2006. "US state- and county-level social capital in relation to obesity and physical inactivity: A multilevel, multivariable analysis," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 63(4), pages 1045-1059, August.
    9. J Charlton, 1998. "Use of the Census Samples of Anonymised Records (SARs) and survey data in combination to obtain estimates at local authority level," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 30(5), pages 775-784, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sund, Erik Reidar & Jones, Andy & Midthjell, Kristian, 2010. "Individual, family, and area predictors of BMI and BMI change in an adult Norwegian population: Findings from the HUNT study," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 70(8), pages 1194-1202, April.
    2. Harrington, Daniel W. & Elliott, Susan J., 2009. "Weighing the importance of neighbourhood: A multilevel exploration of the determinants of overweight and obesity," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 593-600, February.

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