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Cities and population health

Author

Listed:
  • Galea, Sandro
  • Freudenberg, Nicholas
  • Vlahov, David

Abstract

A majority of the world's population will live in urban areas by 2007 and cities are exerting growing influence on the health of both urban and non-urban residents. Although there long has been substantial interest in the associations between city living and health, relatively little work has tried to understand how and why cities affect population health. This reflects both the number and complexity of determinants and of the absence of a unified framework that integrates the multiple factors that influence the health of urban populations. This paper presents a conceptual framework for studying how urban living affects population health. The framework rests on the assumption that urban populations are defined by size, density, diversity, and complexity, and that health in urban populations is a function of living conditions that are in turn shaped by municipal determinants and global and national trends. The framework builds on previous urban health research and incorporates multiple determinants at different levels. It is intended to serve as a model to guide public health research and intervention.

Suggested Citation

  • Galea, Sandro & Freudenberg, Nicholas & Vlahov, David, 2005. "Cities and population health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 60(5), pages 1017-1033, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:socmed:v:60:y:2005:i:5:p:1017-1033
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Völker, Sebastian & Kistemann, Thomas, 2013. "“I'm always entirely happy when I'm here!” Urban blue enhancing human health and well-being in Cologne and Düsseldorf, Germany," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 113-124.
    2. Chun-Hao Li & Ming-Chang Tsai, 2014. "Is the Easy Life Always the Happiest? Examining the Association of Convenience and Well-Being in Taiwan," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 117(3), pages 673-688, July.
    3. Sven Voigtländer & Verena Vogt & Andreas Mielck & Oliver Razum, 2014. "Explanatory models concerning the effects of small-area characteristics on individual health," International Journal of Public Health, Springer;Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+), pages 427-438.
    4. Davis, Brennan & Grier, Sonya, 2015. "A tale of two urbanicities: Adolescent alcohol and cigarette consumption in high and low-poverty urban neighborhoods," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 68(10), pages 2109-2116.
    5. Richardson, Elizabeth A. & Moon, Graham & Pearce, Jamie & Shortt, Niamh K. & Mitchell, Richard, 2017. "Multi-scalar influences on mortality change over time in 274 European cities," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 45-51.
    6. Nandi, Arijit & Galea, Sandro & Ahern, Jennifer & Bucciarelli, Angela & Vlahov, David & Tardiff, Kenneth, 2006. "What explains the association between neighborhood-level income inequality and the risk of fatal overdose in New York City?," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 63(3), pages 662-674, August.
    7. Gomez, Luis F. & Sarmiento, Rodrigo & Ordoñez, Maria Fernanda & Pardo, Carlos Felipe & de Sá, Thiago Hérick & Mallarino, Christina H. & Miranda, J. Jaime & Mosquera, Janeth & Parra, Diana C. & Reis, R, 2015. "Urban environment interventions linked to the promotion of physical activity: A mixed methods study applied to the urban context of Latin America," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 18-30.
    8. Omar Fassio & Chiara Rollero & Norma Piccoli, 2013. "Health, Quality of Life and Population Density: A Preliminary Study on “Contextualized” Quality of Life," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 110(2), pages 479-488, January.
    9. Do, D. Phuong & Watkins, Daphne C. & Hiermeyer, Martin & Finch, Brian K., 2013. "The relationship between height and neighborhood context across racial/ethnic groups: A multi-level analysis of the 1999–2004 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 11(1), pages 30-41.
    10. Jan Saarela & Fjalar Finnäs, 2009. "Geographic Ancestry and Cause-specific Mortality in a National Population," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 28(2), pages 169-194, April.
    11. Pampalon, Robert & Hamel, Denis & Gamache, Philippe, 2008. "Recent changes in the geography of social disparities in premature mortality in Québec," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 67(8), pages 1269-1281, October.
    12. Völker, Sebastian & Kistemann, Thomas, 2013. "Reprint of: “I'm always entirely happy when I'm here!” Urban blue enhancing human health and well-being in Cologne and Düsseldorf, Germany," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, pages 141-152.
    13. Rebecca Katz & Sangeeta Mookherji & Morgan Kaminski & Vibhuti Haté & Julie E. Fischer, 2012. "Urban Governance of Disease," Administrative Sciences, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(2), pages 1-13, April.
    14. Yusuf, Shahid & Nabeshima, Kaoru & Wei Ha, 2007. "What makes cities healthy ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4107, The World Bank.

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