Incorporating recycling into post-disaster debris disposal
Although large amounts of disaster-generated debris significantly strain landfill capacities, until recently existing policy provided no financial incentive to consider other disposal alternatives such as recycling. In 2007, the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) released a new pilot program that provides incentives for communities to recycle by allowing them to retain revenue from the sale of disaster debris. This first-ever policy offers significant financial benefits for communities seeking to cleanup in an environmentally responsible way but requires reexamining existing assumptions and decision processes that are based on prior reimbursement programs. This paper presents a decision model with recycling incentives for locating temporary disposal and storage reduction (TDSR) facilities in support of disaster debris cleanup operations. A facility location model is proposed to incorporate the unique assumptions, objectives, and constraints of disaster recovery in light of FEMA’s new policy.
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