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Overview of environmental impacts, prospects and policies for renewable energy in Taiwan

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  • Tsai, W. T.
  • Chou, Y. H.

Abstract

Taiwan is a high energy-dependent nation with about 97% of our energy needs supplied by imported fuels in 2002. Environmental pollution and greenhouse gas emissions are becoming significant environmental issues in the country. In this regard, renewable energy is thus becoming attractive in recent years based on the energy policy for the sustainable development and environmental pollution mitigation in Taiwan. In response to the balance between economic development, energy supply stability and environment protection, the Energy Commission under the Ministry of Economic Affairs has issued the Renewable Energy Development Plan in 2001. The objective of this paper is to present an updated overview of current utilization and future development on renewable energy, including biomass energy, solar energy (i.e., photovoltaic power and solar water heating), wind energy and geothermal energy. The description is first centered on energy production/consumption situation and greenhouse gas emissions status, and then concerned with renewable energy utilization in terms of environmental impacts, especially in air pollution. Finally, we present the promotion measures related to the renewable energy utilization under the government regulations, industrial policy, financial incentives and funding supports.

Suggested Citation

  • Tsai, W. T. & Chou, Y. H., 2005. "Overview of environmental impacts, prospects and policies for renewable energy in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 119-147, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:9:y:2005:i:2:p:119-147
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Chen, Falin & Lu, Shyi-Min & Wang, Eric & Tseng, Kuo-Tung, 2010. "Renewable energy in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 2029-2038, September.
    2. Chang, Keh-Chin & Lin, Wei-Min & Chung, Kung-Ming, 2013. "Solar thermal market in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 477-482.
    3. Valentine, Scott Victor, 2010. "A STEP toward understanding wind power development policy barriers in advanced economies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 2796-2807, December.
    4. Tsai, Wen-Tien, 2014. "Feed-in tariff promotion and innovative measures for renewable electricity: Taiwan case analysis," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1126-1132.
    5. Dulal, Hari Bansha & Shah, Kalim U. & Sapkota, Chandan & Uma, Gengaiah & Kandel, Bibek R., 2013. "Renewable energy diffusion in Asia: Can it happen without government support?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 301-311.
    6. Chen, Falin & Lu, Shyi-Min & Chang, Yi-Lin, 2007. "Renewable energy in Taiwan: Its developing status and strategy," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1634-1646.
    7. Li, Zhi-Sheng & Zhang, Guo-Qiang & Li, Dong-Mei & Zhou, Jin & Li, Li-Juan & Li, Li-Xin, 2007. "Application and development of solar energy in building industry and its prospects in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 4121-4127, August.
    8. Huang, Yun-Hsun & Wu, Jung-Hua, 2009. "A transition toward a market expansion phase: Policies for promoting wind power in Taiwan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 437-447.
    9. AkpInar, Adem & Kömürcü, Murat Ihsan & Kankal, Murat & Özölçer, Ismail HakkI & Kaygusuz, Kamil, 2008. "Energy situation and renewables in Turkey and environmental effects of energy use," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(8), pages 2013-2039, October.
    10. Tsai, Wen-Tien, 2010. "Energy sustainability from analysis of sustainable development indicators: A case study in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(7), pages 2131-2138, September.
    11. Tsai, Wen-Tien & Lin, Chih-Chung & Yeh, Ching-Wei, 2007. "An analysis of biodiesel fuel from waste edible oil in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(5), pages 838-857, June.
    12. Tsai, Wen-Tien & Lan, Haw-Farn & Lin, De-Tsai, 2008. "An analysis of bioethanol utilized as renewable energy in the transportation sector in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(5), pages 1364-1382, June.
    13. Liu, Shih-Yuan & Perng, Yeng-Horng & Ho, Yu-Feng, 2013. "The effect of renewable energy application on Taiwan buildings: What are the challenges and strategies for solar energy exploitation?," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 92-106.
    14. Dodic, Sinisa N. & Popov, Stevan D. & Dodic, Jelena M. & Rankovic, Jovana A. & Zavargo, Zoltan Z. & Golusin, Mirjana T., 2010. "An overview of biomass energy utilization in Vojvodina," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 550-553, January.
    15. Liao, Ching-Hui & Ou, Hsin-Hung & Lo, Shang-Lien & Chiueh, Pei-Te & Yu, Yue-Hwa, 2011. "A challenging approach for renewable energy market development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 787-793, January.
    16. Chang, Dong-Shang & Yang, Fu-Chiang, 2011. "Assessing the power generation, pollution control, and overall efficiencies of municipal solid waste incinerators in Taiwan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 651-663, February.
    17. Omri, Emna & Chtourou, Nouri & Bazin, Damien, 2015. "Solar thermal energy for sustainable development in Tunisia: The case of the PROSOL project," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 1312-1323.
    18. Ma, Hengyun & Oxley, Les & Gibson, John & Li, Wen, 2010. "A survey of China's renewable energy economy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(1), pages 438-445, January.
    19. Bhutto, Abdul Waheed & Bazmi, Aqeel Ahmed & Zahedi, Gholamreza, 2011. "Greener energy: Issues and challenges for Pakistan--Biomass energy prospective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 3207-3219, August.
    20. Mirza, Umar K. & Ahmad, Nasir & Majeed, Tariq, 2008. "An overview of biomass energy utilization in Pakistan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(7), pages 1988-1996, September.
    21. Chang, Ching-Ter & Lee, Hsing-Chen, 2016. "Taiwan's renewable energy strategy and energy-intensive industrial policy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 456-465.
    22. Tsai, W.T. & Chou, Y.H., 2006. "An overview of renewable energy utilization from municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 491-502, October.
    23. Tsai, Wen-Tien & Hsien, Kuo-Jung, 2007. "An analysis of cogeneration system utilized as sustainable energy in the industrial sector in Taiwan," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(9), pages 2104-2120, December.

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