IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/rensus/v54y2016icp139-150.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Economic sizing of a hybrid (PV–WT–FC) renewable energy system (HRES) for stand-alone usages by an optimization-simulation model: Case study of Iran

Author

Listed:
  • Hosseinalizadeh, Ramin
  • Shakouri G, Hamed
  • Amalnick, Mohsen Sadegh
  • Taghipour, Peyman

Abstract

Hybrid renewable energy systems, combining various kinds of technologies, have shown relatively high capabilities to solve reliability problems and have reduced cost challenges. The use of hybrid electricity generation/storage technologies as off-grid stand-alone systems is reasonable to overcome related shortcomings. Solar and wind energy are two rapidly emerging renewable ones that have precedence in comparison to the other kinds. In this regard, the present paper studies four specific locations in Iran, which are candidates for research centers. Based on the solar radiation and average wind speed maps, techno-economically optimized systems are designed by simulating behavior of various combinations of renewable energy systems with different sizing, including wind turbine (WT), photovoltaic (PV), fuel cell (FC), and battery banks. According to the results obtained by a computer program, it is concluded that the hybrid systems including WT and PV with battery backup are less costly compared to the other systems. Moreover, we found that among non-hybrid systems, in most regions of Iran׳s territory PVs are more economical than WTs. Despite of its advantages, FC has not been applied in the optimal systems due to its high initial cost and its low replacement life.

Suggested Citation

  • Hosseinalizadeh, Ramin & Shakouri G, Hamed & Amalnick, Mohsen Sadegh & Taghipour, Peyman, 2016. "Economic sizing of a hybrid (PV–WT–FC) renewable energy system (HRES) for stand-alone usages by an optimization-simulation model: Case study of Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 139-150.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:54:y:2016:i:c:p:139-150
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.046
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364032115010163
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.rser.2015.09.046?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kashefi Kaviani, A. & Riahy, G.H. & Kouhsari, SH.M., 2009. "Optimal design of a reliable hydrogen-based stand-alone wind/PV generating system, considering component outages," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(11), pages 2380-2390.
    2. Asrari, Arash & Ghasemi, Abolfazl & Javidi, Mohammad Hossein, 2012. "Economic evaluation of hybrid renewable energy systems for rural electrification in Iran—A case study," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 3123-3130.
    3. Chenni, R. & Makhlouf, M. & Kerbache, T. & Bouzid, A., 2007. "A detailed modeling method for photovoltaic cells," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(9), pages 1724-1730.
    4. Belmili, Hocine & Haddadi, Mourad & Bacha, Seddik & Almi, Mohamed Fayçal & Bendib, Boualem, 2014. "Sizing stand-alone photovoltaic–wind hybrid system: Techno-economic analysis and optimization," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 821-832.
    5. Shaahid, S.M. & Al-Hadhrami, L.M. & Rahman, M.K., 2013. "Economic feasibility of development of wind power plants in coastal locations of Saudi Arabia – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 19(C), pages 589-597.
    6. Koussa, Djohra Saheb & Koussa, Mustapha, 2015. "A feasibility and cost benefit prospection of grid connected hybrid power system (wind–photovoltaic) – Case study: An Algerian coastal site," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 628-642.
    7. Zoulias, E.I. & Lymberopoulos, N., 2007. "Techno-economic analysis of the integration of hydrogen energy technologies in renewable energy-based stand-alone power systems," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 680-696.
    8. Malik, A. & Al-Badi, A.H., 2009. "Economics of Wind turbine as an energy fuel saver – A case study for remote application in oman," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 34(10), pages 1573-1578.
    9. Velo, R. & Osorio, L. & Fernández, M.D. & Rodríguez, M.R., 2014. "An economic analysis of a stand-alone and grid-connected cattle farm," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 883-890.
    10. Saheb-Koussa, D. & Haddadi, M. & Belhamel, M., 2009. "Economic and technical study of a hybrid system (wind-photovoltaic-diesel) for rural electrification in Algeria," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(7-8), pages 1024-1030, July.
    11. Iverson, Zachariah & Achuthan, Ajit & Marzocca, Pier & Aidun, Daryush, 2013. "Optimal design of hybrid renewable energy systems (HRES) using hydrogen storage technology for data center applications," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 79-87.
    12. Abdilahi, Abdirahman Mohamed & Mohd Yatim, Abdul Halim & Mustafa, Mohd Wazir & Khalaf, Omar Tahseen & Shumran, Alshammari Fahad & Mohamed Nor, Faizah, 2014. "Feasibility study of renewable energy-based microgrid system in Somaliland׳s urban centers," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1048-1059.
    13. Karakoulidis, K. & Mavridis, K. & Bandekas, D.V. & Adoniadis, P. & Potolias, C. & Vordos, N., 2011. "Techno-economic analysis of a stand-alone hybrid photovoltaic-diesel–battery-fuel cell power system," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2238-2244.
    14. Margaret Amutha, W. & Rajini, V., 2015. "Techno-economic evaluation of various hybrid power systems for rural telecom," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 553-561.
    15. Ghasemi, Abolfazl & Asrari, Arash & Zarif, Mahdi & Abdelwahed, Sherif, 2013. "Techno-economic analysis of stand-alone hybrid photovoltaic–diesel–battery systems for rural electrification in eastern part of Iran—A step toward sustainable rural development," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 456-462.
    16. Ma, Tao & Yang, Hongxing & Lu, Lin, 2014. "A feasibility study of a stand-alone hybrid solar–wind–battery system for a remote island," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 149-158.
    17. Nogueira, Carlos Eduardo Camargo & Vidotto, Magno Luiz & Niedzialkoski, Rosana Krauss & de Souza, Samuel Nelson Melegari & Chaves, Luiz Inácio & Edwiges, Thiago & Santos, Darlisson Bentes dos & Wernck, 2014. "Sizing and simulation of a photovoltaic-wind energy system using batteries, applied for a small rural property located in the south of Brazil," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 151-157.
    18. Sarrias-Mena, Raúl & Fernández-Ramírez, Luis M. & García-Vázquez, Carlos A. & Jurado, Francisco, 2014. "Improving grid integration of wind turbines by using secondary batteries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 194-207.
    19. Dursun, Bahtiyar, 2012. "Determination of the optimum hybrid renewable power generating systems for Kavakli campus of Kirklareli University, Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 6183-6190.
    20. Pishgar-Komleh, S.H. & Keyhani, A. & Sefeedpari, P., 2015. "Wind speed and power density analysis based on Weibull and Rayleigh distributions (a case study: Firouzkooh county of Iran)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 313-322.
    21. Yang, Hongxing & Wei, Zhou & Chengzhi, Lou, 2009. "Optimal design and techno-economic analysis of a hybrid solar-wind power generation system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 163-169, February.
    22. Erdinc, O. & Uzunoglu, M., 2012. "Optimum design of hybrid renewable energy systems: Overview of different approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 1412-1425.
    23. Jallouli, Rihab & Krichen, Lotfi, 2012. "Sizing, techno-economic and generation management analysis of a stand alone photovoltaic power unit including storage devices," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 196-209.
    24. Diaf, S. & Diaf, D. & Belhamel, M. & Haddadi, M. & Louche, A., 2007. "A methodology for optimal sizing of autonomous hybrid PV/wind system," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5708-5718, November.
    25. Rohani, Golbarg & Nour, Mutasim, 2014. "Techno-economical analysis of stand-alone hybrid renewable power system for Ras Musherib in United Arab Emirates," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 828-841.
    26. Deshmukh, M.K. & Deshmukh, S.S., 2008. "Modeling of hybrid renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 235-249, January.
    27. Fatemeh Jahanbani Ardakani & Gholam Riahy, 2011. "Optimum Design of a Hybrid Renewable Energy System," Chapters, in: Majid Nayeripour & Mostafa Kheshti (ed.), Renewable Energy - Trends and Applications, IntechOpen.
    28. Hatti, M. & Meharrar, A. & Tioursi, M., 2011. "Power management strategy in the alternative energy photovoltaic/PEM Fuel Cell hybrid system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 5104-5110.
    29. Khan, M.J. & Iqbal, M.T., 2009. "Analysis of a small wind-hydrogen stand-alone hybrid energy system," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(11), pages 2429-2442, November.
    30. Bajpai, Prabodh & Dash, Vaishalee, 2012. "Hybrid renewable energy systems for power generation in stand-alone applications: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 2926-2939.
    31. Sinha, Sunanda & Chandel, S.S., 2014. "Review of software tools for hybrid renewable energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 192-205.
    32. Silva, Sergio B. & de Oliveira, Marco A.G. & Severino, Mauro M., 2010. "Economic evaluation and optimization of a photovoltaic-fuel cell-batteries hybrid system for use in the Brazilian Amazon," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6713-6723, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Bahramara, S. & Moghaddam, M. Parsa & Haghifam, M.R., 2016. "Optimal planning of hybrid renewable energy systems using HOMER: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 609-620.
    2. Ma, Weiwu & Xue, Xinpei & Liu, Gang, 2018. "Techno-economic evaluation for hybrid renewable energy system: Application and merits," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 159(C), pages 385-409.
    3. Goel, Sonali & Sharma, Renu, 2017. "Performance evaluation of stand alone, grid connected and hybrid renewable energy systems for rural application: A comparative review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1378-1389.
    4. Das, Barun K. & Hoque, Najmul & Mandal, Soumya & Pal, Tapas Kumar & Raihan, Md Abu, 2017. "A techno-economic feasibility of a stand-alone hybrid power generation for remote area application in Bangladesh," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 775-788.
    5. Eriksson, E.L.V. & Gray, E.MacA., 2017. "Optimization and integration of hybrid renewable energy hydrogen fuel cell energy systems – A critical review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 202(C), pages 348-364.
    6. Chauhan, Anurag & Saini, R.P., 2014. "A review on Integrated Renewable Energy System based power generation for stand-alone applications: Configurations, storage options, sizing methodologies and control," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 99-120.
    7. Das, Barun K. & Al-Abdeli, Yasir M. & Kothapalli, Ganesh, 2017. "Optimisation of stand-alone hybrid energy systems supplemented by combustion-based prime movers," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 196(C), pages 18-33.
    8. Mandelli, Stefano & Barbieri, Jacopo & Mereu, Riccardo & Colombo, Emanuela, 2016. "Off-grid systems for rural electrification in developing countries: Definitions, classification and a comprehensive literature review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 1621-1646.
    9. Sinha, Sunanda & Chandel, S.S., 2015. "Review of recent trends in optimization techniques for solar photovoltaic–wind based hybrid energy systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 755-769.
    10. Mahesh, Aeidapu & Sandhu, Kanwarjit Singh, 2015. "Hybrid wind/photovoltaic energy system developments: Critical review and findings," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1135-1147.
    11. Siddaiah, Rajanna & Saini, R.P., 2016. "A review on planning, configurations, modeling and optimization techniques of hybrid renewable energy systems for off grid applications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 376-396.
    12. Jung, Jaesung & Villaran, Michael, 2017. "Optimal planning and design of hybrid renewable energy systems for microgrids," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 180-191.
    13. Asma Mohamad Aris & Bahman Shabani, 2015. "Sustainable Power Supply Solutions for Off-Grid Base Stations," Energies, MDPI, vol. 8(10), pages 1-38, September.
    14. Al Busaidi, Ahmed Said & Kazem, Hussein A & Al-Badi, Abdullah H & Farooq Khan, Mohammad, 2016. "A review of optimum sizing of hybrid PV–Wind renewable energy systems in oman," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 185-193.
    15. Yilmaz, Saban & Dincer, Furkan, 2017. "Optimal design of hybrid PV-Diesel-Battery systems for isolated lands: A case study for Kilis, Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 344-352.
    16. Mohammed, Y.S. & Mustafa, M.W. & Bashir, N., 2014. "Hybrid renewable energy systems for off-grid electric power: Review of substantial issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 527-539.
    17. Erdinc, O. & Uzunoglu, M., 2012. "Optimum design of hybrid renewable energy systems: Overview of different approaches," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 1412-1425.
    18. Maleki, Akbar & Ameri, Mehran & Keynia, Farshid, 2015. "Scrutiny of multifarious particle swarm optimization for finding the optimal size of a PV/wind/battery hybrid system," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 552-563.
    19. Hua, Jian & Shiu, Hong-Gwo, 2018. "Sustainable development of renewable energy on Wangan Island, Taiwan," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 200-208.
    20. Abhi Chatterjee & Daniel Burmester & Alan Brent & Ramesh Rayudu, 2019. "Research Insights and Knowledge Headways for Developing Remote, Off-Grid Microgrids in Developing Countries," Energies, MDPI, vol. 12(10), pages 1-19, May.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:54:y:2016:i:c:p:139-150. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/600126/description#description .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.