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Solar energy resource assessment in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico

Author

Listed:
  • Hernández-Escobedo, Q.
  • Rodríguez-García, E.
  • Saldaña-Flores, R.
  • Fernández-García, A.
  • Manzano-Agugliaro, F.

Abstract

The development of renewable energy has increased over the past few years due to the high cost of fossil fuels and our great dependence on them. Solar energy has been evaluated in the majority of developed countries. Mexico is known to possess large quantities of renewable energy resources, for example, approximately 6000MW of wind energy resources. Nevertheless, solar energy is not sufficiently developed in Mexico. In this work, the global solar resources in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico were assessed. The data used in the analysis were obtained from the Automatic Meteorological Stations (AMEs) of the National Meteorological Service of Mexico (NMS) every 10min over a period of 10 years, as well as from the Surface Meteorology and Solar Energy (SMSE) of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) every month over 22 years. AMEs and SMSE validation data were compared to calculate their determination coefficient, R2, which was above 90%. A total of 13 maps generated by a Geographic Information System (GIS), one per month, and annually averaged global solar resources were used to determine the areas and the periods of the year with the greatest global solar energy resources. According to the results obtained in this study, the highest amount of solar energy, i.e., greater than 6.22kWh/m2/day, was registered on July in the state of Tamaulipas. Based on the average annual energy map, the southern region of Veracruz State registered the largest resource, i.e., greater than 5.03kWh/m2/day. From the foregoing analysis, the primary conclusion arrived at in the present work is that solar energy has significant potential for complementing energetic requirements in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico. It is recommended that the government adopt policies supporting and promoting the utilization of solar energy to maintain fossil fuel reserves and to reduce greenhouse gases.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernández-Escobedo, Q. & Rodríguez-García, E. & Saldaña-Flores, R. & Fernández-García, A. & Manzano-Agugliaro, F., 2015. "Solar energy resource assessment in Mexican states along the Gulf of Mexico," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 216-238.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:43:y:2015:i:c:p:216-238
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.10.025
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    1. Juaidi, Adel & Montoya, Francisco G. & Gázquez, Jose A. & Manzano-Agugliaro, Francisco, 2016. "An overview of energy balance compared to sustainable energy in United Arab Emirates," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 1195-1209.
    2. Juaidi, Adel & Montoya, Francisco G. & Ibrik, Imad H. & Manzano-Agugliaro, Francisco, 2016. "An overview of renewable energy potential in Palestine," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 943-960.
    3. Rivero, M. & Orozco, S. & Sellschopp, F.S. & Loera-Palomo, R., 2017. "A new methodology to extend the validity of the Hargreaves-Samani model to estimate global solar radiation in different climates: Case study Mexico," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 114(PB), pages 1340-1352.
    4. Gutiérrez-Trashorras, Antonio J. & Villicaña-Ortiz, Eunice & Álvarez-Álvarez, Eduardo & González-Caballín, Juan M. & Xiberta-Bernat, Jorge & Suarez-López, María J., 2018. "Attenuation processes of solar radiation. Application to the quantification of direct and diffuse solar irradiances on horizontal surfaces in Mexico by means of an overall atmospheric transmittance," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 81(P1), pages 93-106.
    5. Alberto-Jesus Perea-Moreno & Quetzalcoatl Hernandez-Escobedo & Javier Garrido & Joel Donaldo Verdugo-Diaz, 2018. "Stand-Alone Photovoltaic System Assessment in Warmer Urban Areas in Mexico," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(2), pages 1-13, January.
    6. Yang, Dazhi & Gueymard, Christian A., 2019. "Producing high-quality solar resource maps by integrating high- and low-accuracy measurements using Gaussian processes," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1-1.
    7. Pérez-Denicia, Eduardo & Fernández-Luqueño, Fabián & Vilariño-Ayala, Darnes & Manuel Montaño-Zetina, Luis & Alfonso Maldonado-López, Luis, 2017. "Renewable energy sources for electricity generation in Mexico: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 597-613.
    8. Azizkhani, Mostafa & Vakili, Abdullah & Noorollahi, Younes & Naseri, Farzin, 2017. "Potential survey of photovoltaic power plants using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) method in Iran," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 1198-1206.
    9. Hernández-Escobedo, Q. & Fernández-García, A. & Manzano-Agugliaro, F., 2017. "Solar resource assessment for rural electrification and industrial development in the Yucatan Peninsula (Mexico)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 1550-1561.
    10. Alberto-Jesús Perea-Moreno & Quetzalcoatl Hernandez-Escobedo, 2016. "Solar Resource for Urban Communities in the Baja California Peninsula, Mexico," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(11), pages 1-15, November.
    11. Diaz-Mendez, S.E. & Torres-Rodríguez, A.A. & Abatal, M. & Soberanis, M.A. Escalante & Bassam, A. & Pedraza-Basulto, G.K., 2018. "Economic, environmental and health co-benefits of the use of advanced control strategies for lighting in buildings of Mexico," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 401-409.

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