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Is there a case for community-based equity participation in Scottish on-shore wind energy production? Gaps in evidence and research needs

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  • Slee, Bill

Abstract

This paper considers the potential rural development benefits of community ownership or co-ownership (or equity participation) of on-shore wind energy developments and argues for further research to assess the case for enhanced policy support for such ownership structures. Previous authors have argued that if communities are given a stake in renewables enterprises this will support the Scottish Government׳s community empowerment agenda, increase economic activity in rural Scotland and provide substantial benefits to rural communities. Others have argued that community ownership schemes may decrease community resistance to on-shore wind developments, and set beneficiary communities on a low-carbon development pathway through stimulating ‘energy citizenship’. However, empirical evidence to support all of these claims remains limited. Focussing on Scotland, where the growth of on-shore wind has been strong in recent years, the paper reviews the current policy environment and governance context before reviewing evidence in relation to the various arguments for community ownership or shared equity in the case of on-shore wind energy. It identifies several areas where further research is urgently required to guide policy makers, so as to ensure that both rural development objectives and renewable energy targets are met.

Suggested Citation

  • Slee, Bill, 2015. "Is there a case for community-based equity participation in Scottish on-shore wind energy production? Gaps in evidence and research needs," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 540-549.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:41:y:2015:i:c:p:540-549
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.08.064
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Wolsink, Maarten, 2007. "Planning of renewables schemes: Deliberative and fair decision-making on landscape issues instead of reproachful accusations of non-cooperation," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(5), pages 2692-2704, May.
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    4. Grant Allan & Peter Mcgregor & Kim Swales, 2011. "The Importance of Revenue Sharing for the Local Economic Impacts of a Renewable Energy Project: A Social Accounting Matrix Approach," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(9), pages 1171-1186, March.
    5. Owens, Susan & Driffill, Louise, 2008. "How to change attitudes and behaviours in the context of energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4412-4418, December.
    6. Walker, Gordon, 2008. "What are the barriers and incentives for community-owned means of energy production and use?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4401-4405, December.
    7. de Alegría, Iñigo Martinez & Andreu, Jon & Martín, José Luis & Ibañez, Pedro & Villate, José Luis & Camblong, Haritza, 2007. "Connection requirements for wind farms: A survey on technical requierements and regulation," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(8), pages 1858-1872, October.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:3400-3419 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. van der Schoor, Tineke & Scholtens, Bert, 2015. "Power to the people: Local community initiatives and the transition to sustainable energy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 666-675.
    3. Klein, Sharon J.W. & Coffey, Stephanie, 2016. "Building a sustainable energy future, one community at a time," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 867-880.
    4. Lam, Patrick T.I. & Law, Angel O.K., 2016. "Crowdfunding for renewable and sustainable energy projects: An exploratory case study approach," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 11-20.
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:75:y:2017:i:c:p:534-547 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Thapar, Sapan & Sharma, Seema & Verma, Ashu, 2017. "Local community as shareholders in clean energy projects: Innovative strategy for accelerating renewable energy deployment in India," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 873-885.
    7. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:394-403 is not listed on IDEAS

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