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A review on potential enzymatic reaction for biofuel production from algae

Author

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  • Noraini, M.Y.
  • Ong, Hwai Chyuan
  • Badrul, Mohamed Jan
  • Chong, W.T.

Abstract

Increasing number of population, advanced technology and economics growth somehow has caused energy depletion. The development of biofuel such as biodiesel, bioethanol and biogas is extremely needed to overcome these crises. Biofuel is derived from biological sources or biomass which are more environmental friendly, less toxic, reduce greenhouse gas emission and less cost. Algae comes from the third generation product of both biodiesel and bioethanol. Algae based biofuel has various advantages such as non-toxic, does not require fresh water to grow, higher growth rate, biodegradable and not used arable land. Thus, this review summarizes enzymatic reaction for production of all biofuels; biodiesel and bioethanol. The enzymatic reaction is safe, less contaminating and seems to produce higher yield of biofuel compared to chemical reaction. Overall finding of this study suggests that immobilization method and efficiency of the enzyme is the main factor in biofuel production. Finally, further studies are recommended to overcome the major constraint of high enzyme cost by improving the immobilization technique and processes.

Suggested Citation

  • Noraini, M.Y. & Ong, Hwai Chyuan & Badrul, Mohamed Jan & Chong, W.T., 2014. "A review on potential enzymatic reaction for biofuel production from algae," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 24-34.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:39:y:2014:i:c:p:24-34
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2014.07.089
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p1:p:76-92 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Alaswad, A. & Dassisti, M. & Prescott, T. & Olabi, A.G., 2015. "Technologies and developments of third generation biofuel production," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1446-1460.
    3. Thangavelu, Saravana Kannan & Ahmed, Abu Saleh & Ani, Farid Nasir, 2016. "Review on bioethanol as alternative fuel for spark ignition engines," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 820-835.
    4. Pourzolfaghar, Hamed & Abnisa, Faisal & Daud, Wan Mohd Ashri Wan & Aroua, Mohamed Kheireddine, 2016. "A review of the enzymatic hydroesterification process for biodiesel production," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 245-257.
    5. Jambo, Siti Azmah & Abdulla, Rahmath & Mohd Azhar, Siti Hajar & Marbawi, Hartinie & Gansau, Jualang Azlan & Ravindra, Pogaku, 2016. "A review on third generation bioethanol feedstock," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 756-769.
    6. repec:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:1134-1159 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:1810-1818 is not listed on IDEAS

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