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A critical review on corrosion of compression ignition (CI) engine parts by biodiesel and biodiesel blends and its inhibition

Author

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  • Singh, B.
  • Korstad, John
  • Sharma, Y.C.

Abstract

This paper reviews the effects of corrosion on the engine parts that come in contact with a newly developed biodiesel fuel and its petrodiesel blend. Copper, aluminum, copper alloys (bronze), and elastomers caused significant levels of corrosiveness in biodiesel and biodiesel blend as opposed to low corrosion with petrodiesel. Specimens of stainless steel showed significant resistance to corrosion in biodiesel samples as compared to copper, aluminum, and copper alloys, but the level of corrosion was still higher than that in petrodiesel. Common methods adopted for measurement of corrosion include weight loss through static emersion tests, and electrochemical techniques by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy or on Potentiostat/Galvanostat. The surfaces of the specific metal strips were analyzed by optical, scanning electron, and atomic force microscopy, revealing the nature and extent of corrosion. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy revealed formation of secondary product due to degradation, and X-ray diffractometer revealed formation of a new phase in the metal strips exposed to biodiesel and its blend with mineral diesel. Biodiesel seemed to degrade due to auto-oxidation and presence of moisture to secondary products that enhanced the corrosion rate. The problem related to the use of non-compatible materials as engine parts for biodiesel-run vehicles is dual in nature. The engine part in contact with the fuel is corroded as a result of fuel degradation, causing the fuel to go further off-specification.

Suggested Citation

  • Singh, B. & Korstad, John & Sharma, Y.C., 2012. "A critical review on corrosion of compression ignition (CI) engine parts by biodiesel and biodiesel blends and its inhibition," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 3401-3408.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:16:y:2012:i:5:p:3401-3408
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.02.042
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Sierra-Cantor, Jonathan Fabián & Guerrero-Fajardo, Carlos Alberto, 2017. "Methods for improving the cold flow properties of biodiesel with high saturated fatty acids content: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 774-790.
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:2716-2729 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Singh, Bhaskar & Guldhe, Abhishek & Rawat, Ismail & Bux, Faizal, 2014. "Towards a sustainable approach for development of biodiesel from plant and microalgae," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 216-245.
    4. Rizwanul Fattah, I.M. & Masjuki, H.H. & Kalam, M.A. & Hazrat, M.A. & Masum, B.M. & Imtenan, S. & Ashraful, A.M., 2014. "Effect of antioxidants on oxidation stability of biodiesel derived from vegetable and animal based feedstocks," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 356-370.
    5. Sorate, Kamalesh A. & Bhale, Purnanand V., 2015. "Biodiesel properties and automotive system compatibility issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 777-798.
    6. repec:eee:energy:v:135:y:2017:i:c:p:220-226 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Jakeria, M.R. & Fazal, M.A. & Haseeb, A.S.M.A., 2014. "Influence of different factors on the stability of biodiesel: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 154-163.
    8. Reddy, M. Sarveshwar & Sharma, Nikhil & Agarwal, Avinash Kumar, 2016. "Effect of straight vegetable oil blends and biodiesel blends on wear of mechanical fuel injection equipment of a constant speed diesel engine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 1008-1018.

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