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Solar greenhouse an option for renewable and sustainable farming


  • Panwar, N.L.
  • Kaushik, S.C.
  • Kothari, Surendra


Greenhouses provide a suitable environment for the intensive production of various crops. They are designed to provide control as well as to maintain solar radiation, temperature, humidity and carbon dioxide levels in the aerial environment. CO2 enrichment decreases the oxygen inhibition of photosynthesis and increases the net photosynthesis in plants. This is the basis for increased growth rates caused by CO2 at low as well as at high light levels. Elevated CO2 concentrations also increase the optimal temperature for growth. The maximum crop response depends on the level of the balanced environmental parameters. Off seasonal cultivation is quite possible in greenhouse and it improves economic conditions of farmers. This paper reviews the available worldwide thermal modeling for heating, cooling and ventilation technologies and experimental studies of agricultural greenhouses.

Suggested Citation

  • Panwar, N.L. & Kaushik, S.C. & Kothari, Surendra, 2011. "Solar greenhouse an option for renewable and sustainable farming," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(8), pages 3934-3945.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:8:p:3934-3945
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2011.07.030

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Başçetinçelik, A. & öztürk, H.H. & Paksoy, H.Ö. & Demirel, Y., 1999. "Energetic and exergetic efficiency of latent heat storage system for greenhouse heating," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 16(1), pages 691-694.
    2. Mahrer, Y. & Avissar, R., 1984. "A numerical simulation of the greenhouse microclimate," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 218-228.
    3. Singh, R.D. & Tiwari, G.N., 2010. "Energy conservation in the greenhouse system: A steady state analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 2367-2373.
    4. Tavares, C & Gonçalves, A & Castro, P & Loureiro, D & Joyce, A, 2001. "Modelling an agriculture production greenhouse," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 15-20.
    5. Kürklü, Ahmet & Bilgin, Sefai, 2004. "Cooling of a polyethylene tunnel type greenhouse by means of a rock bed," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 29(13), pages 2077-2086.
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    Cited by:

    1. Xu, J. & Li, Y. & Wang, R.Z. & Liu, W. & Zhou, P., 2015. "Experimental performance of evaporative cooling pad systems in greenhouses in humid subtropical climates," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 138(C), pages 291-301.
    2. Bouadila, Salwa & Lazaar, Mariem & Skouri, Safa & Kooli, Sami & Farhat, Abdelhamid, 2014. "Assessment of the greenhouse climate with a new packed-bed solar air heater at night, in Tunisia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 31-41.
    3. Hassanien, Reda Hassanien Emam & Li, Ming & Dong Lin, Wei, 2016. "Advanced applications of solar energy in agricultural greenhouses," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 989-1001.
    4. Cuce, Erdem & Harjunowibowo, Dewanto & Cuce, Pinar Mert, 2016. "Renewable and sustainable energy saving strategies for greenhouse systems: A comprehensive review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 34-59.
    5. Wang, Tianyue & Wu, Gaoxiang & Chen, Jiewei & Cui, Peng & Chen, Zexi & Yan, Yangyang & Zhang, Yan & Li, Meicheng & Niu, Dongxiao & Li, Baoguo & Chen, Hongyi, 2017. "Integration of solar technology to modern greenhouse in China: Current status, challenges and prospect," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 1178-1188.
    6. Pérez-Alonso, J. & Pérez-García, M. & Pasamontes-Romera, M. & Callejón-Ferre, A.J., 2012. "Performance analysis and neural modelling of a greenhouse integrated photovoltaic system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(7), pages 4675-4685.
    7. Cossu, Marco & Murgia, Lelia & Ledda, Luigi & Deligios, Paola A. & Sirigu, Antonella & Chessa, Francesco & Pazzona, Antonio, 2014. "Solar radiation distribution inside a greenhouse with south-oriented photovoltaic roofs and effects on crop productivity," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 89-100.
    8. Mekhilef, S. & Faramarzi, S.Z. & Saidur, R. & Salam, Zainal, 2013. "The application of solar technologies for sustainable development of agricultural sector," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 583-594.
    9. Olabomi, RasaqAdekunle & Jaafar, A. Bakar & Musa, Md Nor & Sarip, Shamsul & Ariffin, Azrin, 2017. "Techno-economic analysis of innovative production and application of solar thermal chilled water for agricultural soil cooling," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 215-224.


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