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Review of Turkey's current energy status: A case study for wind energy potential of Çanakkale province


  • Celik, Ali N.


Turkey is a free market economy that is oriented towards Western markets. It also has strong ambitions to join the European Union and this factor has been beneficial but also taxing with respect to its changing economic situation. Turkey imports nearly 70% of its energy requirements. The country spends 40-50% of its total export income to import fuel, mainly crude oil and natural gas. On the other hand, Turkey has significant wind energy potential because of its geographical characteristics, such as its shoreline and mountain-valley structures. The sea fronts of the Agean, Marmara, Mediterranean, and Black Seas, and some places of the Southeast Anatolian belt have a high wind potential, with an average speed of 4.5-10Â m/s. Studies put wind-energy potential in terms of the technical aspects in the region of 80Â GW. Çanakkale province that has more than 10% of the country's total installed wind power has been presently chosen for the case study. In the present study, hourly time-series wind data recorded from the year 2000 to 2005 at a height of 10Â m in Çanakkale city centre and Bozcaada, an island in the Aegean Sea belonging to the Çanakkale province, has been statistically analysed. Overall, Bozcaada, with an annual mean density value higher than 350Â W/m2, offers a much higher wind potential than the former location, indicating sufficient wind potential for large scale electricity generation. The mean power density value in the northeastern direction is highest for the typical year in Bozcaada with a value of 901.6Â W/m2, while the directional power density distribution shows that over 60% of the wind energy comes from the band between northern and northeastern directions.

Suggested Citation

  • Celik, Ali N., 2011. "Review of Turkey's current energy status: A case study for wind energy potential of Çanakkale province," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(6), pages 2743-2749, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:6:p:2743-2749

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Yaniktepe, B. & Koroglu, T. & Savrun, M.M., 2013. "Investigation of wind characteristics and wind energy potential in Osmaniye, Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 21(C), pages 703-711.
    2. Oner, Yasemin & Ozcira, Selin & Bekiroglu, Nur & Senol, Ibrahim, 2013. "A comparative analysis of wind power density prediction methods for Çanakkale, Intepe region, Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 491-502.
    3. Tiang, Tow Leong & Ishak, Dahaman, 2012. "Technical review of wind energy potential as small-scale power generation sources in Penang Island Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 3034-3042.
    4. Dursun, Bahtiyar & Gokcol, Cihan, 2014. "Impacts of the renewable energy law on the developments of wind energy in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 318-325.
    5. Melikoglu, Mehmet, 2013. "Vision 2023: Feasibility analysis of Turkey's renewable energy projection," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 570-575.
    6. Camadan, Ercüment, 2011. "An assessment on the current status and future of wind energy in Turkish electricity industry," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4994-5002.
    7. Pishgar-Komleh, S.H. & Keyhani, A. & Sefeedpari, P., 2015. "Wind speed and power density analysis based on Weibull and Rayleigh distributions (a case study: Firouzkooh county of Iran)," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 313-322.
    8. Elibol, Erdem & Özmen, Özge Tüzün & Tutkun, Nedim & Köysal, Oğuz, 2017. "Outdoor performance analysis of different PV panel types," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 651-661.


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