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Analysis of cost estimation and wind energy evaluation using wind energy conversion systems (WECS) for electricity generation in six selected high altitude locations in Nigeria

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  • Ohunakin, S. Olayinka
  • Ojolo, S. Joshua
  • Ogunsina, S. Babatunde
  • Dinrifo, R. Rufus

Abstract

Two commercial wind turbines namely AN Bonus 300kW/33 and AN Bonus 1MW/54 were technically assessed for electricity generation in six selected high altitude sites spreading across the North-West and North-East geopolitical regions of Nigeria by computing their capacity factors, annual power and energy outputs. The economic evaluation of using the two wind energy conversion systems (medium and large) for electric power generation in the selected locations were also estimated using the present value cost method. The results showed that capacity factors of the two turbines in the selected sites ranged between 4.6 and 43%. Average minimum cost per kWh was obtained in Kano as $0.0222/kWh with AN Bonus 1MW while the highest average cost is $0.2074/kWh with AN Bonus 300kW in Kaduna. The highest cost in each of the location was obtained with the medium WECs (AN Bonus 300kW). In addition, Kano and Katsina were also found to be very economical for any of the adopted wind turbine models. Gusau and Kaduna, at cost of unit energy of about $0.30/kWh were found to be more profitable for non-connected electrical and mechanical applications (water pumping, battery charging) than diesel generator.

Suggested Citation

  • Ohunakin, S. Olayinka & Ojolo, S. Joshua & Ogunsina, S. Babatunde & Dinrifo, R. Rufus, 2012. "Analysis of cost estimation and wind energy evaluation using wind energy conversion systems (WECS) for electricity generation in six selected high altitude locations in Nigeria," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 594-600.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:48:y:2012:i:c:p:594-600
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.05.064
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