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The effect of lean methods and tools on the environmental performance of manufacturing organisations

Author

Listed:
  • Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo
  • Kumar, Vikas
  • Chaikittisilp, Sariya
  • Tan, Kim Hua

Abstract

Evidence suggests that lean methods and tools have helped manufacturing organisations to achieve operational excellence, and in this way meet both traditional and contemporary organisational objectives such as profitability, efficiency, responsiveness, quality, and customer satisfaction. However, the effect of these methods and tools on environmental performance is still unclear, as limited empirical research has been conducted in this field. This paper therefore investigates the impact of five essential lean methods, i.e. JIT, autonomation, kaizen/continuous improvement, total productive maintenance (TPM) and value stream mapping (VSM), on four commonly utilised measures for the compliance of environmental performance, i.e. material use, energy consumption, non-product output, and pollutant releases. A correlation analysis modelled the relationship and effect of these lean methods on the environmental performance of 250 manufacturing organisations around the world. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used as a second pronged verification approach to ensure the validity of the results. The results indicate that TMP and JIT have the strongest significance on environmental performance, whereas kaizen/continuous improvement only showed an effect on the use of materials and release of pollutants. Autonomation and VSM did not show any impact on environmental performance. The research holds important implications for industrialists, who can develop a richer knowledge on the relationship between lean and green. This will help them formulate more effective strategies for their simultaneous or sequential implementation. The paper extends our knowledge in the lean and green field by helping us to establish and explain the given relationships between five of the most important and commonly used lean methods and the environmental performance of manufacturing organisations. No previous research had considered the studied lean methods and environmental measures of performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo & Kumar, Vikas & Chaikittisilp, Sariya & Tan, Kim Hua, 2018. "The effect of lean methods and tools on the environmental performance of manufacturing organisations," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 200(C), pages 170-180.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:200:y:2018:i:c:p:170-180
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpe.2018.03.030
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Eleftherios Andreadis & Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes & Vikas Kumar, 2017. "Towards a conceptual framework for value stream mapping (VSM) implementation: an investigation of managerial factors," International Journal of Production Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(23), pages 7073-7095, December.
    2. Anass Cherrafi & Said Elfezazi & Kannan Govindan & Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes & Khalid Benhida & Ahmed Mokhlis, 2017. "A framework for the integration of Green and Lean Six Sigma for superior sustainability performance," International Journal of Production Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(15), pages 4481-4515, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Vikash Sharma & Rakesh D. Raut & Sachin Kumar Mangla & Balkrishna E. Narkhede & Sunil Luthra & Ravindra Gokhale, 2021. "A systematic literature review to integrate lean, agile, resilient, green and sustainable paradigms in the supply chain management," Business Strategy and the Environment, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(2), pages 1191-1212, February.
    2. Stadnicka, Dorota & Litwin, Paweł, 2019. "Value stream mapping and system dynamics integration for manufacturing line modelling and analysis," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 208(C), pages 400-411.
    3. Shashi, & Centobelli, Piera & Cerchione, Roberto & Singh, Rajwinder, 2019. "The impact of leanness and innovativeness on environmental and financial performance: Insights from Indian SMEs," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 212(C), pages 111-124.
    4. Cherrafi, Anass & Garza-Reyes, Jose Arturo & Kumar, Vikas & Mishra, Nishikant & Ghobadian, Abby & Elfezazi, Said, 2018. "Lean, green practices and process innovation: A model for green supply chain performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 206(C), pages 79-92.

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