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Real-time fractal signal processing in the time domain

Author

Listed:
  • Hartmann, András
  • Mukli, Péter
  • Nagy, Zoltán
  • Kocsis, László
  • Hermán, Péter
  • Eke, András

Abstract

Fractal analysis has proven useful for the quantitative characterization of complex time series by scale-free statistical measures in various applications. The analysis has commonly been done offline with the signal being resident in memory in full length, and the processing carried out in several distinct passes. However, in many relevant applications, such as monitoring or forecasting, algorithms are needed to capture changes in the fractal measure real-time. Here we introduce real-time variants of the Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) and the closely related Signal Summation Conversion (SSC) methods, which are suitable to estimate the fractal exponent in one pass. Compared to offline algorithms, the precision is the same, the memory requirement is significantly lower, and the execution time depends on the same factors but with different rates. Our tests show that dynamic changes in the fractal parameter can be efficiently detected. We demonstrate the applicability of our real-time methods on signals of cerebral hemodynamics acquired during open-heart surgery.

Suggested Citation

  • Hartmann, András & Mukli, Péter & Nagy, Zoltán & Kocsis, László & Hermán, Péter & Eke, András, 2013. "Real-time fractal signal processing in the time domain," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 392(1), pages 89-102.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:phsmap:v:392:y:2013:i:1:p:89-102
    DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2012.08.002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gulich, Damián & Zunino, Luciano, 2014. "A criterion for the determination of optimal scaling ranges in DFA and MF-DFA," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 397(C), pages 17-30.
    2. Mukli, Peter & Nagy, Zoltan & Eke, Andras, 2015. "Multifractal formalism by enforcing the universal behavior of scaling functions," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 417(C), pages 150-167.

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    Keywords

    Fractal; Time series; Real-time analysis; DFA; SSC; Software;

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