IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/marpol/v51y2015icp220-229.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Challenges facing local communities in Tanzania in realising locally-managed marine areas

Author

Listed:
  • Katikiro, Robert E.
  • Macusi, Edison D.
  • Ashoka Deepananda, K.H.M.

Abstract

This study explores how the history and process of establishing a marine protected area (MPA) under the control of the state has led to limited interest in community-based management amongst local stakeholders. The study contributes to the understanding of historical events that have discouraged the take-off and scale-up of community-based conservation approaches, such as locally-managed marine areas (LMMAs). LMMAs are being promoted increasingly as a desirable approach in marine conservation. However, there are a limited numbers of cases where such initiatives have been used as a strategy for marine management in sub-Saharan Africa, and very few operational examples of such schemes exist in the Western Indian Ocean region. Through semi-structured questionnaires, 193 community members selected randomly from 15 villages of the Mnazi Bay-Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park (MBREMP), Mtwara district, Southern Tanzania, were interviewed about their attitudes towards efforts to promote local management and the conservation of marine resources. The study also involved 17 focus group discussions, 13 in-depth key informant interviews, participant observation, and a review of secondary information. Over 85% of the questionnaire respondents commented that there was insufficient participation by legitimate community representatives in the development of the MBREMP. Almost 90% of the respondents agreed that the management of marine areas has increased significantly, particularly in the last two decades following initiatives by the government, donors and external NGOs. However, 70% of the questionnaire responders had observed that a rapid shift from centralised to community-based management has been hindered by a lack of acceptable community rules and by communities frequently equating conservation with prohibition. Developing LMMAs in areas based on the lessons learned from MPAs could be a better alternative to developing entirely new community-managed areas; however, this can only succeed if limitations including the key principles of community participation and empowerment are addressed.

Suggested Citation

  • Katikiro, Robert E. & Macusi, Edison D. & Ashoka Deepananda, K.H.M., 2015. "Challenges facing local communities in Tanzania in realising locally-managed marine areas," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 220-229.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:220-229
    DOI: 10.1016/j.marpol.2014.08.004
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308597X14002206
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Al-Abdulrazzak, Dalal & Trombulak, Stephen C., 2012. "Classifying levels of protection in Marine Protected Areas," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 576-582.
    2. Marinesque, Sophie & Kaplan, David M. & Rodwell, Lynda D., 2012. "Global implementation of marine protected areas: Is the developing world being left behind?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 727-737.
    3. Rhona F. Barr & Salvatore Di Falco & Susana Mourato, 2011. "Income diversification, social capital and their potential role in uptake of marine Payments for Environmental Services schemes: a study from a Tanzanian fishing community," GRI Working Papers 65, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    4. Foley, Melissa M. & Halpern, Benjamin S. & Micheli, Fiorenza & Armsby, Matthew H. & Caldwell, Margaret R. & Crain, Caitlin M. & Prahler, Erin & Rohr, Nicole & Sivas, Deborah & Beck, Michael W. & Carr,, 2010. "Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(5), pages 955-966, September.
    5. Songorwa, Alexander N., 1999. "Community-Based Wildlife Management (CWM) in Tanzania: Are the Communities Interested?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 27(12), pages 2061-2079, December.
    6. Levine, Arielle, 2002. "Convergence or Convenience? International Conservation NGOs and Development Assistance in Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 1043-1055, June.
    7. Gustavsson, Madeleine & Lindström, Lars & Jiddawi, Narriman S. & de la Torre-Castro, Maricela, 2014. "Procedural and distributive justice in a community-based managed Marine Protected Area in Zanzibar, Tanzania," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 91-100.
    8. Elin Torell, 2002. "From past to present: The historical context of environmental and coastal management in Tanzania," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 273-288.
    9. Angulo-Valdés, Jorge A. & Hatcher, Bruce G., 2010. "A new typology of benefits derived from marine protected areas," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 635-644, May.
    10. Barley Kincaid, Kate & Rose, George & Mahudi, Humphrey, 2014. "Fishers' perception of a multiple-use marine protected area: Why communities and gear users differ at Mafia Island, Tanzania," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 226-235.
    11. Bartlett, C.Y. & Maltali, T. & Petro, G. & Valentine, P., 2010. "Policy implications of protected area discourse in the Pacific islands," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 99-104, January.
    12. Potts, Tavis & Burdon, Daryl & Jackson, Emma & Atkins, Jonathan & Saunders, Justine & Hastings, Emily & Langmead, Olivia, 2014. "Do marine protected areas deliver flows of ecosystem services to support human welfare?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 139-148.
    13. Fox, Helen E. & Soltanoff, Carrie S. & Mascia, Michael B. & Haisfield, Kelly M. & Lombana, Alfonso V. & Pyke, Christopher R. & Wood, Louisa, 2012. "Explaining global patterns and trends in marine protected area (MPA) development," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 1131-1138.
    14. Cinner, Joshua E. & Wamukota, Andrew & Randriamahazo, Herilala & Rabearisoa, Ando, 2009. "Toward institutions for community-based management of inshore marine resources in the Western Indian Ocean," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 489-496, May.
    15. Rhona Barr & Susana Mourato, 2012. "Investigating fishers� preferences for the design of marine Payments for Environmental Services schemes," GRI Working Papers 101, Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment.
    16. Léopold, Marc & Beckensteiner, Jennifer & Kaltavara, Jeremie & Raubani, Jason & Caillon, Sophie, 2013. "Community-based management of near-shore fisheries in Vanuatu: What works?," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 167-176.
    17. Govan, Hugh, 2009. "Status and potential of locally-managed marine areas in the Pacific Island Region: meeting nature conservation and sustainable livelihood targets through wide-spread implementation of LMMAs," MPRA Paper 23828, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z. & Albers, Heidi J. & Kirama, Stephen L., 2012. "The Role of Incentives for Sustainable Implementation of Marine Protected Areas: An Example from Tanzania," Discussion Papers dp-12-03-efd, Resources For the Future.
    19. Glenn, H. & Wattage, P. & Mardle, S. & Rensburg, T. Van & Grehan, A. & Foley, N., 2010. "Marine protected areas--substantiating their worth," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 421-430, May.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:marpol:v:51:y:2015:i:c:p:220-229. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/marpol .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.