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Sons, daughters, wives, and the labour market outcomes of West German men


  • Choi, Hyung-Jai
  • Joesch, Jutta M.
  • Lundberg, Shelly


We find a strong association between family status and labor market outcomes for recent cohorts of West German men in the German Socio-Economic Panel. Living with a partner and living with a child both have substantial positive effects on earnings and work hours. These effects persist in individual fixed effects models that control for correlation in time-invariant unobservables that affect both family and work outcomes, though the inclusion of length of marriage reduces the effects of children. Child gender also matters -- a first son increases fathers' work hours by 100Â hours per year more than a first daughter, and positive effects of sons on work hours and earnings are particularly strong for men with higher levels of education. There is evidence of son "preference" in the probability that a German man is observed to be coresiding with a son -- men are more likely to remain in the same household with a male child than a female child.

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  • Choi, Hyung-Jai & Joesch, Jutta M. & Lundberg, Shelly, 2008. "Sons, daughters, wives, and the labour market outcomes of West German men," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(5), pages 795-811, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:15:y:2008:i:5:p:795-811

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Amélie Lafrance & Casey Warman & Frances Woolley, 2009. "Sexual Identity And The Marriage Premium," Working Papers 1219, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    2. Kripfganz, Sebastian, 2014. "Unconditional Transformed Likelihood Estimation of Time-Space Dynamic Panel Data Models," Annual Conference 2014 (Hamburg): Evidence-based Economic Policy 100604, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Wang, Chao & Sweetman, Arthur, 2013. "Gender, family status and physician labour supply," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 17-25.
    4. Anna Baranowska-Rataj & Anna Matysiak, 2014. "Does the European country-specific context alter the fatherhood premium?," Working Papers 74, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Warsaw School of Economics.
    5. repec:spr:jopoec:v:31:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-017-0668-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Kamila Cygan-Rehm & Daniel Kühnle & Regina T. Riphahn, 2017. "Love your Leave, Don't Leave your Love! Paid Parental Leave and Children's Living Arrangements," CESifo Working Paper Series 6319, CESifo Group Munich.


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