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A socio-technical analysis of low-carbon transitions: introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies

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  • Geels, Frank W.

Abstract

Climate change and deep cuts in CO2 emissions require transitions to new kinds of transport systems. To understand the dynamics of these transitions, this paper introduces a socio-technical approach which goes beyond technology fix or behaviour change. Systemic transitions entail co-evolution and multi-dimensional interactions between industry, technology, markets, policy, culture and civil society. A multi-level perspective (MLP) is presented as a heuristic framework to analyze these interactions. The paper aims to introduce the MLP into transport studies and to show its usefulness through an application to the auto-mobility system in the United Kingdom and the Netherlands. This application aims to assess the drivers, barriers and possible pathways for low-carbon transitions.

Suggested Citation

  • Geels, Frank W., 2012. "A socio-technical analysis of low-carbon transitions: introducing the multi-level perspective into transport studies," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 471-482.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:24:y:2012:i:c:p:471-482
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2012.01.021
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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0966692312000269
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    References listed on IDEAS

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