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Optimal location and capability of oil-spill response facilities for the south coast of Newfoundland


  • Verma, Manish
  • Gendreau, Michel
  • Laporte, Gilbert


The south coast of Newfoundland (Canada) includes both open sea and semi-enclosed waterways which collectively account for over 20,000 vessel movements annually. Every such movement poses the risk of an oil spill which can endanger the fragile marine life and tourism locales in the region, and is a source of concern to the communities. In an effort to analyze the problem, we present a two-stage stochastic programming approach which tackles both the location and stockpile of equipment at the emergency response facilities. The proposed optimization program was tested on realistic data collected from publicly available reports and through personal communications with emergency response personnel. These data were then varied to solve a number of scenarios which account for the stochastic nature of the problem parameters. Although only two response facilities seem to be appropriate for almost all scenarios, the size of equipment stockpile is a function of both the societal disutility factor and the trade-off between environmental cost and facility and equipment acquisition cost.

Suggested Citation

  • Verma, Manish & Gendreau, Michel & Laporte, Gilbert, 2013. "Optimal location and capability of oil-spill response facilities for the south coast of Newfoundland," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 41(5), pages 856-867.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:41:y:2013:i:5:p:856-867
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. George B. Dantzig, 1955. "Linear Programming under Uncertainty," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 1(3-4), pages 197-206, 04-07.
    2. Owen, Susan Hesse & Daskin, Mark S., 1998. "Strategic facility location: A review," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 111(3), pages 423-447, December.
    3. Iakovou, Eleftherios & Ip, Chi M. & Douligeris, Christos & Korde, Ashutosh, 1997. "Optimal location and capacity of emergency cleanup equipment for oil spill response," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 96(1), pages 72-80, January.
    4. Vanem, Erik & Endresen, Øyvind & Skjong, Rolf, 2008. "Cost-effectiveness criteria for marine oil spill preventive measures," Reliability Engineering and System Safety, Elsevier, vol. 93(9), pages 1354-1368.
    5. Liberatore, Federico & Scaparra, Maria P. & Daskin, Mark S., 2012. "Hedging against disruptions with ripple effects in location analysis," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 21-30, January.
    6. W. E. Wilhelm & A. V. Srinivasa, 1997. "Prescribing Tactical Response for Oil Spill Clean Up Operations," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 43(3), pages 386-402, March.
    7. Bell, John E. & Griffis, Stanley E. & Cunningham III, William A. & Eberlan, Jon A., 2011. "Location optimization of strategic alert sites for homeland defense," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 151-158, April.
    8. Srinivasa, Anand V. & Wilhelm, Wilbert E., 1997. "A procedure for optimizing tactical response in oil spill clean up operations," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 102(3), pages 554-574, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Brachner, Markus & Hvattum, Lars Magnus, 2017. "Combined emergency preparedness and operations for safe personnel transport to offshore locations," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 31-41.
    2. Bieniek, Milena, 2015. "A note on the facility location problem with stochastic demands," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 53-60.
    3. Eskandarpour, Majid & Dejax, Pierre & Miemczyk, Joe & Péton, Olivier, 2015. "Sustainable supply chain network design: An optimization-oriented review," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 11-32.
    4. Garrett, Richard A. & Sharkey, Thomas C. & Grabowski, Martha & Wallace, William A., 2017. "Dynamic resource allocation to support oil spill response planning for energy exploration in the Arctic," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 257(1), pages 272-286.
    5. Kinga Łazuga & Lucjan Gucma & Marko Perkovic, 2018. "The Model of Optimal Allocation of Maritime Oil Spill Combat Ships," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(7), pages 1-19, July.


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