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The planning of cycle trips in the province of East Flanders


  • Souffriau, Wouter
  • Vansteenwegen, Pieter
  • Vanden Berghe, Greet
  • Van Oudheusden, Dirk


Traditional route planners assist in finding the shortest or fastest route from one place to another. This paper presents a novel approach to path finding in a directed graph, namely a target distance, motivated by the problem that a recreational cyclist deals with when searching a nice route of a certain length. The problem is defined as a variant of the arc orienteering problem (AOP), a new combinatorial optimisation problem in which the score of a route in a directed graph has to be maximised by visiting arcs, while each arc can be visited at most once and the total cost of the route should not exceed a predefined cost. The contribution of this paper is threefold: (1) a mathematical model of the AOP is provided, (2) a metaheuristic method that solves AOP instances to near optimality in 1 s of execution time, is proposed and evaluated, and (3) two real-life applications of the method are presented. An on-line cycle route planning application offers personalised cycle routes based on user preferences, and an SMS service provides cyclists "in the field" with routes on demand.

Suggested Citation

  • Souffriau, Wouter & Vansteenwegen, Pieter & Vanden Berghe, Greet & Van Oudheusden, Dirk, 2011. "The planning of cycle trips in the province of East Flanders," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 209-213, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jomega:v:39:y:2011:i:2:p:209-213

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Aráoz, Julián & Fernández, Elena & Meza, Oscar, 2009. "Solving the Prize-collecting Rural Postman Problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 196(3), pages 886-896, August.
    2. Vansteenwegen, Pieter & Souffriau, Wouter & Oudheusden, Dirk Van, 2011. "The orienteering problem: A survey," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 209(1), pages 1-10, February.
    3. Regnier, Eva, 2008. "Doing something about the weather," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 36(1), pages 22-32, February.
    4. Chung, Ji-Won & Oh, Seog-Moon & Choi, In-Chan, 2009. "A hybrid genetic algorithm for train sequencing in the Korean railway," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 555-565, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:touman:v:47:y:2015:i:c:p:34-46 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Archetti, Claudia & Bertazzi, Luca & Laganà, Demetrio & Vocaturo, Francesca, 2017. "The Undirected Capacitated General Routing Problem with Profits," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 257(3), pages 822-833.
    3. Verbeeck, C. & Vansteenwegen, P. & Aghezzaf, E.-H., 2016. "Solving the stochastic time-dependent orienteering problem with time windows," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 255(3), pages 699-718.
    4. repec:eee:ejores:v:261:y:2017:i:2:p:549-562 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:ejores:v:262:y:2017:i:1:p:14-27 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Dell'Amico, Mauro & Hadjicostantinou, Eleni & Iori, Manuel & Novellani, Stefano, 2014. "The bike sharing rebalancing problem: Mathematical formulations and benchmark instances," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 7-19.
    7. Gunawan, Aldy & Lau, Hoong Chuin & Vansteenwegen, Pieter, 2016. "Orienteering Problem: A survey of recent variants, solution approaches and applications," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 255(2), pages 315-332.
    8. repec:spr:infott:v:17:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s40558-017-0076-5 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Enrique Benavent & Ángel Corberán & Luís Gouveia & Maria Mourão & Leonor Pinto, 2015. "Profitable mixed capacitated arc routing and related problems," TOP: An Official Journal of the Spanish Society of Statistics and Operations Research, Springer;Sociedad de Estadística e Investigación Operativa, vol. 23(1), pages 244-274, April.


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