Effect of public long-term care insurance on consumption, medical care demand, and welfare
Many governments allocate public funds to individuals who need long-term care (LTC) services as a result of chronic illnesses and functional problems. In this paper, I investigate the effects of two common eligibility criteria of LTC programs: means-tested and health-based programs. I find that publicly provided health-based LTC crowds out the medical spending among low health individuals. Furthermore, means-tested programs lead to higher initial spending on medical care and consumption goods among middle-wealth individuals. The welfare implications of these programs also depend critically upon the individuals' initial wealth and health status. Interestingly, it is possible for health-based programs to be less costly than means-tested programs.
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- Liljas, Bengt, 1998. "The demand for health with uncertainty and insurance," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 153-170, April.
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- Sloan, Frank A. & Thomas J. Hoerger & Gabriel Picone, 1996. "Effects of Strategic Behavior and Public Subsidies on Families' Savings and Long-Term Care Decisions," Working Papers 96-01, Duke University, Department of Economics.
- Michael Grossman, 1972. "The Demand for Health: A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number gros72-1, September.
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