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Competition among mutual funds

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  • Wahal, Sunil
  • Wang, Albert (Yan)

Abstract

We examine the impact of the entry of new mutual funds on incumbents using the overlap in their portfolio holdings as a measure of competitive intensity. This simple metric delivers powerful economic results. Incumbents that have a high overlap with entrants subsequently engage in price competition by reducing management fees. Distribution fees, however, rise so that investors do not benefit as much from price competition. Funds with high overlap also experience quantity competition through lower investor flows, have lower alphas, and higher attrition rates. These effects only appear after the late 1990s, at which point there appears to be an endogenous structural shift in the competitive environment. We conclude that the mutual fund market has evolved into one that displays the hallmark features of a competitive market.

Suggested Citation

  • Wahal, Sunil & Wang, Albert (Yan), 2011. "Competition among mutual funds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 40-59, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:99:y:2011:i:1:p:40-59
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. In, Francis & Kim, Martin & Park, Raphael Jonghyeon & Kim, Sangbae & Kim, Tong Suk, 2014. "Competition of socially responsible and conventional mutual funds and its impact on fund performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 160-176.
    2. Pástor, Ľuboš & Stambaugh, Robert F. & Taylor, Lucian A., 2015. "Scale and skill in active management," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 23-45.
    3. repec:eee:jetheo:v:173:y:2018:i:c:p:289-319 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Theeke, Matt, 2016. "The effects of internal and external competition on innovation breadth," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(9), pages 3324-3331.
    5. repec:eee:pacfin:v:49:y:2018:i:c:p:43-59 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:bla:coecpo:v:35:y:2017:i:2:p:278-291 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dahm, Laura K. & Sorhage, Christoph, 2015. "Milk or wine: Mutual funds' (dis)economies of life," CFR Working Papers 15-05, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    8. Sorhage, Christoph, 2014. "Outsourcing of mutual funds' non-core competencies and the impact on operational outcomes: Evidence from funds' shareholder services," CFR Working Papers 14-04, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    9. Lang, Gunnar & Köhler, Matthias, 2011. "How does the domiciliation decision affect mutual fund fees?," ZEW Discussion Papers 11-085, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    10. Mamatzakis, Emmanuel & Xu, Bingrun, 2017. "Does corporate governance matter in fund management company: the case of china," MPRA Paper 76138, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Lai, Wan-Ni, 2016. "Do academic investment insights benefit society?," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 172-176.
    12. Sorhage, Christoph, 2014. "Outsourcing of mutual funds' non-core competencies," CFR Working Papers 14-04 [rev.], University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    13. repec:eee:ecmode:v:70:y:2018:i:c:p:29-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Jun, Xiao & Li, Mingsheng & Shi, Jing, 2014. "Volatile market condition and investor clientele effects on mutual fund flow performance relationship," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 310-334.
    15. repec:eee:quaeco:v:67:y:2018:i:c:p:121-137 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Han, Jae-Joon & Kang, Kyeong-Hoon & Won, Seungyeon, 2013. "Fund expenses and vertical structures of the fund industry," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 856-864.
    17. Alessandro Gavazza, 2011. "Demand spillovers and market outcomes in the mutual fund industry," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 42(4), pages 776-804, December.
    18. Cheng, Si & Massa, Massimo & Zhang, Hong, 2017. "Inefficient Globalization of Finance: Evidence from Marketing-Oriented Overseas Expansions of Low-Skilled Mutual Fund Families," CEPR Discussion Papers 11990, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

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