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Globalization, culture, religion, and values: Comparing consumption patterns of Lebanese Muslims and Christians

  • Cleveland, Mark
  • Laroche, Michel
  • Hallab, Ranim
Registered author(s):

    Understanding the differential impact of globalization on culture – the most profound shaper of consumption – is fundamentally important. This research examines the linkages of cultural globalization (acculturation to global consumer culture, AGCC), (Lebanese) ethnic identity (LEID), religiosity (REL), individual-level (Schwartz) and consumption-related values (materialism and consumer ethnocentrism, MAT/CET) and numerous consumption behaviors; contrasting coexisting religious groups. A negative AGCC-LEID relationship exists for Muslims, whereas for Christians the two cultural forces are independent. Common across groups, religiosity and CET positively associate with LEID, and MAT positively associates with AGCC. Other relationships are religious-specific. The AGCC-LEID relationship across different behaviors yields four distinctive acculturation patterns.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Research.

    Volume (Year): 66 (2013)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 958-967

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:66:y:2013:i:8:p:958-967
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/jbusres

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    1. Cleveland, Mark & Chang, William, 2009. "Migration and materialism: The roles of ethnic identity, religiosity, and generation," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(10), pages 963-971, October.
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    4. Ger, Guliz & Belk, Russell W., 1996. "Cross-cultural differences in materialism," Journal of Economic Psychology, Elsevier, vol. 17(1), pages 55-77, February.
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    6. Stayman, Douglas M & Deshpande, Rohit, 1989. " Situational Ethnicity and Consumer Behavior," Journal of Consumer Research, University of Chicago Press, vol. 16(3), pages 361-71, December.
    7. Alden, Dana L. & He, Yi & Chen, Qimei, 2010. "Service recommendations and customer evaluations in the international marketplace: Cultural and situational contingencies," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 38-44, January.
    8. Jan-Benedict E M Steenkamp & Rajeev Batra & Dana L Alden, 2003. "How perceived brand globalness creates brand value," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 34(1), pages 53-65, January.
    9. William Swinyard & Ah-Keng Kau & Hui-Yin Phua, 2001. "Happiness, Materialism, and Religious Experience in the US AND SINGAPORE," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 13-32, March.
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