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The impact of the dimensions of social performance on firm risk

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  • Bouslah, Kais
  • Kryzanowski, Lawrence
  • M’Zali, Bouchra

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of the individual dimensions of social performance (SP) on firm risk (total and idiosyncratic) using 16,599 firm-year observations over the period 1991–2007. We find that firm risk for S&P500 members is positively affected by Employee, Diversity, and Corporate Governance concerns. On the other hand, Community (Diversity) strengths negatively (positively) affect their risk. As to non-S&P500 members, firm risk is positively affected by Employee concerns and Diversity strengths. However, firm risk of non-S&P500 members is negatively affected by Environment strengths. The direction of causation between firm risk and SP depends on the dimension examined.

Suggested Citation

  • Bouslah, Kais & Kryzanowski, Lawrence & M’Zali, Bouchra, 2013. "The impact of the dimensions of social performance on firm risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1258-1273.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:4:p:1258-1273
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.12.004
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    Cited by:

    1. Henke, Hans-Martin, 2016. "The effect of social screening on bond mutual fund performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 69-84.
    2. Fatemi, Ali & Fooladi, Iraj & Tehranian, Hassan, 2015. "Valuation effects of corporate social responsibility," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 182-192.
    3. Andreas Hoepner & Arleta Majoch, 2016. "Pension Funds and the Principles for Responsible Investment: Multiplying Stakeholder Salience?," ICMA Centre Discussion Papers in Finance icma-dp2016-07, Henley Business School, Reading University.
    4. Remmer Sassen & Anne-Kathrin Hinze & Inga Hardeck, 2016. "Impact of ESG factors on firm risk in Europe," Journal of Business Economics, Springer, vol. 86(8), pages 867-904, November.
    5. Cellier, Alexis & Chollet, Pierre, 2016. "The effects of social ratings on firm value," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 656-683.
    6. repec:kap:jbuset:v:144:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s10551-015-2856-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Lam, Swee-Sum & Zhang, Weina & Jacob, Gabriel Henry, 2015. "The mispricing of socially ambiguous grey stocks," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 13(C), pages 81-89.
    8. repec:kap:jbuset:v:148:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10551-016-3020-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:kap:jbuset:v:148:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s10551-015-2981-x is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:276:d:65900 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Trinks, Arjan & Ibikunle, Gbenga & Mulder, Machiel & Scholtens, Bert, 2017. "Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intensity and the Cost of Capital," Research Report 17017-EEF, University of Groningen, Research Institute SOM (Systems, Organisations and Management).
    12. Cai, Ye & Pan, Carrie H. & Statman, Meir, 2016. "Why do countries matter so much in corporate social performance?," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 591-609.
    13. Drobetz, Wolfgang & Merikas, Andreas & Merika, Anna & Tsionas, Mike G., 2014. "Corporate social responsibility disclosure: The case of international shipping," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 18-44.
    14. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:572-582 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Fernando Gómez-Bezares & Wojciech Przychodzen & Justyna Przychodzen, 2016. "Corporate Sustainability and Shareholder Wealth—Evidence from British Companies and Lessons from the Crisis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-22, March.
    16. Dolf Diemont & Kyle Moore & Aloy Soppe, 2016. "The Downside of Being Responsible: Corporate Social Responsibility and Tail Risk," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 137(2), pages 213-229, August.
    17. repec:pal:assmgt:v:18:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1057_s41260-016-0039-y is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Volatility; Idiosyncratic risk; Social performance; Strengths; Concerns;

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • M14 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Corporate Culture; Diversity; Social Responsibility

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