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The performance of banks around the receipt and repayment of TARP funds: Over-achievers versus under-achievers

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  • Cornett, Marcia Millon
  • Li, Lei
  • Tehranian, Hassan

Abstract

In this paper, we look at how the pre-crisis health of banks is related to the probability of receiving and repaying TARP capital. We find that financial performance characteristics that are related to the probability of receiving TARP funds differ for the healthiest (“over-achiever”) versus the least healthy (“under-achiever”) banks. We find that TARP under-achievers have some, but not consistent, weaknesses in income production. These banks also are experiencing liquidity issues as customers, shut out of public debt markets, get bank loans through drawdowns of loan commitments. Unlike TARP under-achievers, TARP over-achievers’ loans are performing well. Yet, liquidity issues (from low levels of liquid assets and core deposits and drawdowns of loan commitments) hurt the abilities of these banks to continue their lending. Differences between under-achiever and over-achiever banks are also found for repayment and deadbeat TARP banks.

Suggested Citation

  • Cornett, Marcia Millon & Li, Lei & Tehranian, Hassan, 2013. "The performance of banks around the receipt and repayment of TARP funds: Over-achievers versus under-achievers," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 730-746.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:37:y:2013:i:3:p:730-746
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2012.10.012
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:173-192 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Linus Wilson & Yan Wu & Stephanie Prejean, 2014. "Are the Bailouts of Wall Street Complements or Substitutes?," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 42(1), pages 21-38, March.
    3. Charles W. Calomiris & Urooj Khan, 2015. "An Assessment of TARP Assistance to Financial Institutions," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 29(2), pages 53-80, Spring.
    4. Berger, Allen N. & Makaew, Tanakorn & Roman, Raluca, 2015. "Did bank borrowers benefit from the TARP program : the effects of TARP on loan contract terms," Research Working Paper RWP 15-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    5. Kleymenova, Anya & Rose, Andrew K. & Wieladek, Tomasz, 2016. "Does government intervention affect banking globalization?," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 146-161.
    6. repec:bla:ecnote:v:46:y:2017:i:1:p:5-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sengupta, Rajdeep & Black, Lamont K. & Floros , Ioannis, 2016. "Raising capital when the going gets tough: U.S. bank equity issuance from 2001 to 2014," Research Working Paper RWP 16-5, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    8. Roman, Raluca & Berger, Allen N. & Sedunov, John, 2016. "Do bank bailouts reduce or increase systemic risk? the effects of TARP on financial system stability," Research Working Paper RWP 16-8, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    9. Gropper, Daniel M. & Jahera, John S. & Park, Jung Chul, 2015. "Political power, economic freedom and Congress: Effects on bank performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 76-92.
    10. repec:kap:jproda:v:48:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11123-017-0510-x is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Liu, Wei & Kolari, James W. & Kyle Tippens, T. & Fraser, Donald R., 2013. "Did capital infusions enhance bank recovery from the great recession?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5048-5061.
    12. Semaan, Elias & Drake, Pamela Peterson, 2016. "TARP and the long-term perception of risk," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 216-235.
    13. Croci, Ettore & Hertig, Gerard & Nowak, Eric, 2016. "Decision-making during the credit crisis: Did the Treasury let commercial banks fail?," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(PA), pages 476-497.
    14. Kenneth A. Carow & Valentina Salotti, 2014. "The U.S. Treasury'S Capital Purchase Program: Treasury'S Selectivity And Market Returns Across Weak And Healthy Banks," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 37(2), pages 211-241, June.
    15. Xi Yang, 2016. "Predicting bank failures: The leverage versus the risk-weighted capital ratio," EconomiX Working Papers 2016-15, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    16. Cornette, Marcia Millon & Mehran, Hamid & Pan, Kevin & Phan, Minh & Wei, Chenyang, 2014. "CDS and equity market reactions to stock issuances in the U.S. financial industry: evidence from the 2002-13 period," Staff Reports 697, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, revised 01 Dec 2014.
    17. Berger, Allen N. & Roman, Raluca, 2015. "Did saving Wall Street really save Main Street : the real effects of TARP on local economic conditions," Research Working Paper RWP 15-13, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.
    18. William Bassett & Selva Demiralp & Nathan Lloyd, 2016. "Government Support of Banks and Bank Lending," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1611, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial institutions; Financial crisis; TARP; CPP;

    JEL classification:

    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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