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Semi-static hedging of variable annuities

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  • Bernard, Carole
  • Kwak, Minsuk

Abstract

This paper focuses on hedging financial risk in variable annuities with guarantees. We show that insurers should incorporate the specificity of the periodic payment of variable annuities fees to best hedge embedded guarantees and should focus on hedging the net liability. We develop a new hedging strategy based on semi-static hedging techniques, which takes into account the periodically collected fees, and confirm that it is more effective than delta-hedging with same rebalancing dates, as well as traditional semi-static hedging strategies that do not consider the specificity of the payments of fees in their optimization. It is also verified that short-selling or using put options as hedging instruments allows more effective hedging.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard, Carole & Kwak, Minsuk, 2016. "Semi-static hedging of variable annuities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 173-186.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:insuma:v:67:y:2016:i:c:p:173-186
    DOI: 10.1016/j.insmatheco.2016.01.004
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jeon, Junkee & Kwak, Minsuk, 2018. "Optimal surrender strategies and valuations of path-dependent guarantees in variable annuities," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 93-109.
    2. Ludovic Goudenege & Andrea Molent & Antonino Zanette, 2019. "Pricing and hedging GMWB in the Heston and in the Black–Scholes with stochastic interest rate models," Computational Management Science, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 217-248, February.
    3. Olivier Le Courtois & François Quittard-Pinon & Xiaoshan Su, 2020. "Pricing and hedging defaultable participating contracts with regime switching and jump risk," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 43(1), pages 303-339, June.
    4. Kang, Boda & Ziveyi, Jonathan, 2018. "Optimal surrender of guaranteed minimum maturity benefits under stochastic volatility and interest rates," Insurance: Mathematics and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 43-56.
    5. Luca De Gennaro Aquino & Carole Bernard, 2019. "Semi-analytical prices for lookback and barrier options under the Heston model," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 42(2), pages 715-741, December.
    6. Andrea Molent, 2019. "Taxation of a GMWB Variable Annuity in a Stochastic Interest Rate Model," Papers 1901.11296, arXiv.org, revised May 2020.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Effective hedging; Variable annuities; Semi-static hedging; Periodic fees; Embedded guarantees;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G22 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Insurance; Insurance Companies; Actuarial Studies

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