Endogenous market structures and the gains from foreign direct investment
This paper discusses the gains from liberalizing foreign direct investment (FDI) in a two country setting with endogenous market structures. Two different scenarios are investigated. In the first scenario, headquarters are run in the domestic country only and the FDI regime is compared to the intersectoral trade case. If multinational and national firms coexist, market concentration occurs and FDI is welfare improving for the foreign country, but welfare declining for the domestic country. In the second scenario, headquarters are run in both countries and the FDI regime is compared to the intraindustry trade case. This regime switch leads to mutual welfare gains, irrespective of market structure effects.
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