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Risk-based explanation for the country-level size and value effects

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  • Zaremba, Adam

Abstract

The present study provides a risk-based explanation for the country-level size and value effects. The research demonstrates that the small-country effect is fully explained by cross-sectional variation in the country risk. Furthermore, accounting for the country risk decreases the alphas on value strategies by approximately 30%, making them statistically insignificant. The results are robust to the affect of taxes on dividends, alternative risk measures, and changes in sorting variables used to implement the strategies examined. The phenomenon is particularly pronounced in emerging markets.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaremba, Adam, 2016. "Risk-based explanation for the country-level size and value effects," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 226-233.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finlet:v:18:y:2016:i:c:p:226-233
    DOI: 10.1016/j.frl.2016.04.020
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harrison Hong & Terence Lim & Jeremy C. Stein, 2000. "Bad News Travels Slowly: Size, Analyst Coverage, and the Profitability of Momentum Strategies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 55(1), pages 265-295, February.
    2. Stoll, Hans R. & Whaley, Robert E., 1983. "Transaction costs and the small firm effect," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(1), pages 57-79, June.
    3. Lu Zhang, 2005. "The Value Premium," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 60(1), pages 67-103, February.
    4. van Dijk, Mathijs A., 2011. "Is size dead? A review of the size effect in equity returns," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(12), pages 3263-3274.
    5. William F. Sharpe, 1964. "Capital Asset Prices: A Theory Of Market Equilibrium Under Conditions Of Risk," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 19(3), pages 425-442, September.
    6. Dimic, Nebojsa & Orlov, Vitaly & Piljak, Vanja, 2015. "The political risk factor in emerging, frontier, and developed stock markets," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 239-245.
    7. Stocker, Marshall L., 2016. "The price of freedom: A Fama–French freedom factor," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 1-19.
    8. Newey, Whitney & West, Kenneth, 2014. "A simple, positive semi-definite, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation consistent covariance matrix," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 125-132.
    9. Andrade, Sandro C., 2009. "A model of asset pricing under country risk," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(4), pages 671-695, June.
    10. Clifford S. Asness & Tobias J. Moskowitz & Lasse Heje Pedersen, 2013. "Value and Momentum Everywhere," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 68(3), pages 929-985, June.
    11. Fama, Eugene F & French, Kenneth R, 1996. " Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 55-84, March.
    12. repec:eee:beexfi:v:9:y:2016:i:c:p:136-163 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:ecofin:v:43:y:2018:i:c:p:1-18 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:finana:v:56:y:2018:i:c:p:181-192 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Value premium; Size premium; Small-market effect; Country selection strategies; Country-level anomalies; International asset pricing; Pricing of risk; Country risk;

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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