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CO2 emission reduction potential assessment using renewable energy in India

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  • Kumar, Subhash
  • Madlener, Reinhard

Abstract

The Indian power sector is experiencing a lot of pressure to supply sustainable electricity at affordable cost due to heavy demand especially in the summer peak season. Most of India's electricity is produced by fossil fueled power plants, which are the source of CO2 emissions. In this case, renewable energy sources play a vital role in securing sustainable energy without environmental emissions. This paper examines the effects of renewable energy use in electricity supply systems and estimates the CO2 emissions by developing various scenarios under the least cost approach. The LEAP energy model is used to develop these scenarios. The results show that in a ARET (accelerated renewable energy technology) scenario, 23% of electricity is generated by renewables only, and 74% of CO2 reduction is possible by 2050. If the maximum energy savings potential is combined with the ARET scenario, the renewables share in electricity supply rises to 36% as compared to the reference scenario, while the CO2 emission reduction in this case remains at 74%.

Suggested Citation

  • Kumar, Subhash & Madlener, Reinhard, 2016. "CO2 emission reduction potential assessment using renewable energy in India," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 273-282.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:97:y:2016:i:c:p:273-282
    DOI: 10.1016/j.energy.2015.12.131
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    2. Lari Shanlang Tiewsoh & Jakub Jirásek & Martin Sivek, 2019. "Electricity Generation in India: Present State, Future Outlook and Policy Implications," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(7), pages 1-14, April.
    3. Handayani, Kamia & Krozer, Yoram & Filatova, Tatiana, 2019. "From fossil fuels to renewables: An analysis of long-term scenarios considering technological learning," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 134-146.
    4. Kumar, Pankaj & Banerjee, Rangan & Mishra, Trupti, 2020. "A framework for analyzing trade-offs in cost and emissions in power sector," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 195(C).
    5. Hasan Volkan Oral & Hasan Saygin, 2019. "Simulating the future energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of Turkish cement industry up to 2030 in a global context," Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, Springer, vol. 24(8), pages 1461-1482, December.
    6. Liobikienė, Genovaitė & Butkus, Mindaugas, 2017. "Environmental Kuznets Curve of greenhouse gas emissions including technological progress and substitution effects," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 237-248.
    7. Li, Wei & Gao, Shubin, 2018. "Prospective on energy related carbon emissions peak integrating optimized intelligent algorithm with dry process technique application for China's cement industry," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 165(PB), pages 33-54.
    8. Mondal, Md Alam Hossain & Bryan, Elizabeth & Ringler, Claudia & Mekonnen, Dawit & Rosegrant, Mark, 2018. "Ethiopian energy status and demand scenarios: Prospects to improve energy efficiency and mitigate GHG emissions," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 149(C), pages 161-172.
    9. Gupta, Dipti & Ghersi, Frédéric & Vishwanathan, Saritha S. & Garg, Amit, 2019. "Achieving sustainable development in India along low carbon pathways: Macroeconomic assessment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 1-1.
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    13. Liang, Yuanyuan & Yu, Biying & Wang, Lu, 2019. "Costs and benefits of renewable energy development in China's power industry," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 131(C), pages 700-712.
    14. Rajvikram Madurai Elavarasan & Leoponraj Selvamanohar & Kannadasan Raju & Raghavendra Rajan Vijayaraghavan & Ramkumar Subburaj & Mohammad Nurunnabi & Irfan Ahmad Khan & Syed Afridhis & Akshaya Harihar, 2020. "A Holistic Review of the Present and Future Drivers of the Renewable Energy Mix in Maharashtra, State of India," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-33, August.
    15. Jeslin Drusila Nesamalar, J. & Venkatesh, P. & Charles Raja, S., 2017. "The drive of renewable energy in Tamilnadu: Status, barriers and future prospect," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 115-124.
    16. Huiru Zhao & Guo Huang & Ning Yan, 2018. "Forecasting Energy-Related CO 2 Emissions Employing a Novel SSA-LSSVM Model: Considering Structural Factors in China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(4), pages 1-21, March.
    17. Ermolenko, Boris V. & Ermolenko, Georgy V. & Fetisova, Yulia A. & Proskuryakova, Liliana N., 2017. "Wind and solar PV technical potentials: Measurement methodology and assessments for Russia," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 1001-1012.

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    Keywords

    CO2 mitigation; Electricity generation; LEAP; Least cost method; Renewables; India;

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