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Total energy cost of household consumption in Norway, 1973

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  • Herendeen, Robert

Abstract

The economic data of the 1973 Norwegian Survey of Consumer Expenditures are converted to their corresponding energy requirements. The relationship between total household energy requirements and disposable income shares three common features with that already obtained for the United States: 1.(1) The graph of total energy vs disposable income shows some tendency to saturate, but the effect is much less marked than for direct purchase of energy alone (residential energy and auto fuel).2.(2) Direct energy accounts for approx. 23 of the total energy for a poor family (disposable income in lowest decile) and approx. 13 for a rich family (highest decile).3.(3) There is strong evidence that urban life is less energy intensive (by about 10%) than rural life. Comparison shows, however, that the average energy intensity of household consumption is about 40% lower in Norway than in the U.S., reflecting the overall greater efficiency of energy use.

Suggested Citation

  • Herendeen, Robert, 1978. "Total energy cost of household consumption in Norway, 1973," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 3(5), pages 615-630.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:3:y:1978:i:5:p:615-630
    DOI: 10.1016/0360-5442(78)90077-4
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    1. Lenzen, Manfred & Wier, Mette & Cohen, Claude & Hayami, Hitoshi & Pachauri, Shonali & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2006. "A comparative multivariate analysis of household energy requirements in Australia, Brazil, Denmark, India and Japan," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 181-207.
    2. Kerkhof, Annemarie C. & Nonhebel, Sanderine & Moll, Henri C., 2009. "Relating the environmental impact of consumption to household expenditures: An input-output analysis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(4), pages 1160-1170, February.
    3. Pothen, Frank & Tovar Reanos, Miguel Angel, 2018. "The Distribution of Material Footprints in Germany," Hannover Economic Papers (HEP) dp-627, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät.
    4. Brown, M. T. & Herendeen, R. A., 1996. "Embodied energy analysis and EMERGY analysis: a comparative view," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(3), pages 219-235, December.
    5. Roca, Jordi & Serrano, Monica, 2007. "Income growth and atmospheric pollution in Spain: An input-output approach," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 230-242, June.
    6. Serrano, Monica, 2007. "The Production and Consumption Accounting Principles as a Guideline for Designing Environmental Tax Policy," Climate Change Modelling and Policy Working Papers 12032, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    7. Ornetzeder, Michael & Hertwich, Edgar G. & Hubacek, Klaus & Korytarova, Katarina & Haas, Willi, 2008. "The environmental effect of car-free housing: A case in Vienna," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(3), pages 516-530, April.
    8. Pachauri, Shonali, 2004. "An analysis of cross-sectional variations in total household energy requirements in India using micro survey data," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(15), pages 1723-1735, October.
    9. Ivan Tilov & Benjamin Volland & Mehdi Farsi, 2017. "Interactions in Swiss Households' Energy Demand: A Holistic Approach," IRENE Working Papers 17-11, IRENE Institute of Economic Research.
    10. Kerkhof, Annemarie C. & Benders, Ren M.J. & Moll, Henri C., 2009. "Determinants of variation in household CO2 emissions between and within countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 1509-1517, April.
    11. Pothen, Frank & Tovar Reaños, Miguel Angel, 2018. "The distribution of material footprints in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 18-022, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    12. Shammin, Md. R. & Herendeen, Robert A. & Hanson, Michelle J. & Wilson, Eric J.H., 2010. "A multivariate analysis of the energy intensity of sprawl versus compact living in the U.S. for 2003," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 2363-2373, October.
    13. Lenzen, Manfred & Dey, Christopher & Foran, Barney, 2004. "Energy requirements of Sydney households," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(3), pages 375-399, July.
    14. Lenzen, Manfred & Dey, Christopher J., 2002. "Economic, energy and greenhouse emissions impacts of some consumer choice, technology and government outlay options," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(4), pages 377-403, July.
    15. Wiedenhofer, Dominik & Lenzen, Manfred & Steinberger, Julia K., 2013. "Energy requirements of consumption: Urban form, climatic and socio-economic factors, rebounds and their policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 696-707.
    16. Cohen, Claude & Lenzen, Manfred & Schaeffer, Roberto, 2005. "Energy requirements of households in Brazil," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 555-562, March.
    17. Serrano, Monica & Roca, Jordi, 2007. "Atmospheric Pollution and Consumption Patterns in Spain: An Input-Output Approach," Climate Change Modelling and Policy Working Papers 9090, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).

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