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Resolving society's energy trilemma through the Energy Justice Metric

Author

Listed:
  • Heffron, Raphael J.
  • McCauley, Darren
  • Sovacool, Benjamin K.

Abstract

Carbon dioxide emissions continue to increase to the detriment of society in many forms. One of the difficulties faced is the imbalance between the competing aims of economics, politics and the environment which form the trilemma of energy policy. This article advances that this energy trilemma can be resolved through energy justice. Energy justice develops the debate on energy policy to one that highlights cosmopolitanism, progresses thinking beyond economics and incorporates a new futuristic perspective. To capture these dynamics of energy justice, this research developed an Energy Justice Metric (EJM) that involves the calculation of several metrics: (1) a country (national) EJM; (2) an EJM for different energy infrastructure; and (3) an EJM which is incorporated into economic models that derive costs for energy infrastructure projects. An EJM is modeled for China, the European Union and the United States, and for different energy infrastructure in the United Kingdom. The EJM is plotted on a Ternary Phase Diagram which is used in the sciences for analyzing the relationship (trilemma) of three forms of matter. The development of an EJM can provide a tool for decision-making on energy policy and one that solves the energy trilemma with a just and equitable approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Heffron, Raphael J. & McCauley, Darren & Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2015. "Resolving society's energy trilemma through the Energy Justice Metric," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 168-176.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:87:y:2015:i:c:p:168-176
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2015.08.033
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ren, Jingzheng & Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2014. "Quantifying, measuring, and strategizing energy security: Determining the most meaningful dimensions and metrics," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 76(C), pages 838-849.
    2. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Dworkin, Michael H., 2015. "Energy justice: Conceptual insights and practical applications," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 142(C), pages 435-444.
    3. Ren, Jingzheng & Tan, Shiyu & Goodsite, Michael Evan & Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Dong, Lichun, 2015. "Sustainability, shale gas, and energy transition in China: Assessing barriers and prioritizing strategic measures," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 84(C), pages 551-562.
    4. Heffron, Raphael J., 2013. "The application of contrast explanation to energy policy research: UK nuclear energy policy 2002–2012," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 602-616.
    5. Driesen,David M., 2012. "The Economic Dynamics of Law," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107004856.
    6. Owens, Susan & Driffill, Louise, 2008. "How to change attitudes and behaviours in the context of energy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4412-4418, December.
    7. Heffron, Raphael J. & McCauley, Darren, 2014. "Achieving sustainable supply chains through energy justice," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 123(C), pages 435-437.
    8. Paavola, Jouni & Adger, W. Neil, 2006. "Fair adaptation to climate change," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 594-609, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Heffron, Raphael J. & McCauley, Darren, 2017. "The concept of energy justice across the disciplines," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 658-667.
    2. repec:eee:enepol:v:107:y:2017:i:c:p:615-620 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:appene:v:219:y:2018:i:c:p:187-198 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:enepol:v:107:y:2017:i:c:p:621-630 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Teller-Elsberg, Jonathan & Sovacool, Benjamin & Smith, Taylor & Laine, Emily, 2016. "Fuel poverty, excess winter deaths, and energy costs in Vermont: Burdensome for whom?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 81-91.
    6. repec:eee:appene:v:222:y:2018:i:c:p:451-459 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Neuteleers, Stijn & Mulder, Machiel & Hindriks, Frank, 2017. "Assessing fairness of dynamic grid tariffs," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 111-120.
    8. repec:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:201-211 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. repec:eee:enepol:v:110:y:2017:i:c:p:404-409 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:enepol:v:107:y:2017:i:c:p:600-606 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. repec:eee:enepol:v:107:y:2017:i:c:p:649-657 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Burke, Matthew & Baker, Lucy & Kotikalapudi, Chaitanya Kumar & Wlokas, Holle, 2017. "New frontiers and conceptual frameworks for energy justice," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 677-691.
    13. repec:eee:appene:v:211:y:2018:i:c:p:792-808 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1273-:d:105279 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:8:p:1325-:d:106295 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:eee:enepol:v:117:y:2018:i:c:p:66-74 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. repec:eee:enepol:v:107:y:2017:i:c:p:607-614 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. repec:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:451-459 is not listed on IDEAS

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