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Consumer responses to time varying prices for electricity

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  • Thorsnes, Paul
  • Williams, John
  • Lawson, Rob

Abstract

We report new experimental evidence of the household response to weekday differentials in peak and off-peak electricity prices. The data come from Auckland, New Zealand, where peak residential electricity consumption occurs in winter for heating. Peak/off-peak price differentials ranged over four randomly selected groups from 1.0 to 3.5. On average, there was no response except in winter. In winter, participant households reduced electricity consumption by at least 10%, took advantage of lower off-peak prices but did not respond to the peak price differentials. Response varied with house and household size, time spent away from home, and whether water was heated with electricity.

Suggested Citation

  • Thorsnes, Paul & Williams, John & Lawson, Rob, 2012. "Consumer responses to time varying prices for electricity," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 552-561.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:49:y:2012:i:c:p:552-561
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.06.062
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Boßmann, Tobias & Eser, Eike Johannes, 2016. "Model-based assessment of demand-response measures—A comprehensive literature review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 1637-1656.
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:77:y:2017:i:c:p:617-635 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Kowalska-Pyzalska, Anna & Maciejowska, Katarzyna & Suszczyński, Karol & Sznajd-Weron, Katarzyna & Weron, Rafał, 2014. "Turning green: Agent-based modeling of the adoption of dynamic electricity tariffs," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 164-174.
    4. Codruţa Mare & Simona Laura Dragoş & Dan Tudor Lazăr & Cristian Mihai Dragoş, 2013. "Consumer protection through prices: an analysis of the energetic sector in European Union countries," The AMFITEATRU ECONOMIC journal, Academy of Economic Studies - Bucharest, Romania, vol. 15(34), pages 327-341, June.
    5. Crespo Del Granado, Pedro & Pang, Zhan & Wallace, Stein W., 2016. "Synergy of smart grids and hybrid distributed generation on the value of energy storage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 170(C), pages 476-488.
    6. Anna Kowalska-Pyzalska & Katarzyna Maciejowska & Katarzyna Sznajd-Weron & Rafal Weron, 2014. "Diffusion and adoption of dynamic electricity tariffs: An agent-based modeling approach," HSC Research Reports HSC/14/01, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    7. Campillo, Javier & Dahlquist, Erik & Wallin, Fredrik & Vassileva, Iana, 2016. "Is real-time electricity pricing suitable for residential users without demand-side management?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 310-325.
    8. Nakada, Tatsuhiro & Shin, Kongjoo & Managi, Shunsuke, 2016. "The effect of demand response on purchase intention of distributed generation: Evidence from Japan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 307-316.
    9. Granell, Ramon & Axon, Colin J. & Wallom, David C.H., 2014. "Predicting winning and losing businesses when changing electricity tariffs," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C), pages 298-307.
    10. Lopes, Marta A.R. & Henggeler Antunes, Carlos & Janda, Kathryn B. & Peixoto, Paulo & Martins, Nelson, 2016. "The potential of energy behaviours in a smart(er) grid: Policy implications from a Portuguese exploratory study," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 233-245.
    11. Fuentes-Cortés, Luis Fabián & Dowling, Alexander W. & Rubio-Maya, Carlos & Zavala, Víctor M. & Ponce-Ortega, José María, 2016. "Integrated design and control of multigeneration systems for building complexes," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 116(P2), pages 1403-1416.
    12. Anna Kowalska-Pyzalska & Katarzyna Maciejowska & Katarzyna Sznajd-Weron & Rafal Weron, 2013. "Going green: Agent-based modeling of the diffusion of dynamic electricity tariffs," HSC Research Reports HSC/13/05, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    13. Yalcintas, Melek & Hagen, William T. & Kaya, Abidin, 2015. "Time-based electricity pricing for large-volume customers: A comparison of two buildings under tariff alternatives," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 58-68.
    14. Anil Markandya & Xavier Labandeira & Ana Ramos, 2013. "Policy Instruments to Foster Energy Efficiency," Working Papers 01-2014, Economics for Energy.
    15. Kobus, Charlotte B.A. & Klaassen, Elke A.M. & Mugge, Ruth & Schoormans, Jan P.L., 2015. "A real-life assessment on the effect of smart appliances for shifting households’ electricity demand," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 147(C), pages 335-343.
    16. repec:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:565-573 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. O׳Connell, Niamh & Pinson, Pierre & Madsen, Henrik & O׳Malley, Mark, 2014. "Benefits and challenges of electrical demand response: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 686-699.
    18. Salisu, Afees A. & Ayinde, Taofeek O., 2016. "Modeling energy demand: Some emerging issues," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1470-1480.
    19. Anna Kowalska-Pyzalska & Katarzyna Maciejowska & Katarzyna Sznajd-Weron & Rafal Weron, 2014. "Modeling consumer opinions towards dynamic pricing: An agent-based approach," HSC Research Reports HSC/14/06, Hugo Steinhaus Center, Wroclaw University of Technology.
    20. Woo, C.K. & Li, R. & Shiu, A. & Horowitz, I., 2013. "Residential winter kWh responsiveness under optional time-varying pricing in British Columbia," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 288-297.

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