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Energy audit practices in China: National and local experiences and issues


  • Shen, Bo
  • Price, Lynn
  • Lu, Hongyou


China set an ambitious goal of reducing its energy use per unit of GDP by 20% between 2006 and 2010. Much of the country’s effort is focused on improving the energy efficiency of the industrial sector, which consumes about two-thirds of China’s primary energy. Industrial energy audits are an important part of China’s efforts to improve its energy intensity. Such audits are employed to help enterprises identify energy-efficiency improvement opportunities and serve as a means to collect critical energy-consuming information. Information about energy audit practices in China is, however, little known to the outside world. This study combines a review of China’s national policies and programs on energy auditing with information collected from surveying a variety of Chinese institutions involved in energy audits. A key goal of the study is to conduct a gap analysis to identify how current practices in China related to energy auditing differ from energy auditing practices found around the world. This article presents our findings on the study of China’s energy auditing practices at the national and provincial levels. It discusses key issues related to the energy audits conducted in China and offers policy recommendations that draw upon international best practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Shen, Bo & Price, Lynn & Lu, Hongyou, 2012. "Energy audit practices in China: National and local experiences and issues," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 346-358.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:46:y:2012:i:c:p:346-358
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2012.03.069

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Price, Lynn & Wang, Xuejun & Yun, Jiang, 2010. "The challenge of reducing energy consumption of the Top-1000 largest industrial enterprises in China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6485-6498, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhao, Zhen-Yu & Chang, Rui-Dong & Zillante, George, 2014. "Challenges for China׳s energy conservation and emission reduction," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 709-713.
    2. Yingjian, Li & Abakr, Yousif A. & Qi, Qiu & Xinkui, You & Jiping, Zhou, 2016. "Energy efficiency assessment of fixed asset investment projects – A case study of a Shenzhen combined-cycle power plant," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1195-1208.
    3. Moya, Diego & Torres, Roberto & Stegen, Sascha, 2016. "Analysis of the Ecuadorian energy audit practices: A review of energy efficiency promotion," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 289-296.
    4. Annunziata, Eleonora & Rizzi, Francesco & Frey, Marco, 2014. "Enhancing energy efficiency in public buildings: The role of local energy audit programmes," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 364-373.
    5. Zhao, Xiaofan & Li, Huimin & Wu, Liang & Qi, Ye, 2014. "Implementation of energy-saving policies in China: How local governments assisted industrial enterprises in achieving energy-saving targets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 170-184.
    6. Kong, Lingbo & Price, Lynn & Hasanbeigi, Ali & Liu, Huanbin & Li, Jigeng, 2013. "Potential for reducing paper mill energy use and carbon dioxide emissions through plant-wide energy audits: A case study in China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 1334-1342.
    7. Lo, Kevin, 2014. "A critical review of China's rapidly developing renewable energy and energy efficiency policies," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 508-516.


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