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Japan's new basic energy plan

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  • Duffield, John S.
  • Woodall, Brian

Abstract

In June 2010, the Japanese cabinet adopted a new Basic Energy Plan (BEP). This was the third such plan that the government has approved since the passage of the Basic Act on Energy Policy in 2002, and it represents the most significant statement of Japanese energy policy in more than four years, since the publication of the New National Energy Strategy (NNES) in 2006. Perhaps more than its predecessors, moreover, the new plan establishes a number of ambitious targets as well as more detailed measures for achieving those targets. Among the targets are a doubling of Japan's "energy independence ratio," a doubling of the percentage of electricity generated by renewable sources and nuclear power, and a 30 percent reduction in energy-related CO2 emissions, all by 2030. This paper explains the origins of the 2010 BEP and why it was adopted. It then describes the content of the plan and how it differs from the NNES. A third section analyzes the appropriateness of the new goals and targets contained in the BEP and their feasibility, finding that achievement of many of the targets was likely to be quite challenging even before the March 2011 earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Duffield, John S. & Woodall, Brian, 2011. "Japan's new basic energy plan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3741-3749, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:6:p:3741-3749
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. Cherp, Aleh & Vinichenko, Vadim & Jewell, Jessica & Suzuki, Masahiro & Antal, Miklós, 2017. "Comparing electricity transitions: A historical analysis of nuclear, wind and solar power in Germany and Japan," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 612-628.
    4. Lu, Hong-fang & Lin, Bin-le & Campbell, Daniel E. & Sagisaka, Masayuki & Ren, Hai, 2016. "Interactions among energy consumption, economic development and greenhouse gas emissions in Japan after World War II," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1060-1072.
    5. Serge REY & Jacques JAUSSAUD & Julien MARTINE, 2012. "Japon : pistes pour l’analyse des conséquences économiques et managériales du Grand Tremblement de Terre du 11 mars 2011," Working Papers 2011-2012_9, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Jun 2012.
    6. Portugal Pereira, Joana & Troncoso Parady, Giancarlos & Castro Dominguez, Bernardo, 2014. "Japan's energy conundrum: Post-Fukushima scenarios from a life cycle perspective," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 104-115.
    7. Stephan Schott & Graham Campbell, 2013. "National energy strategies of major industrialized countries," Chapters, in: Hugh Dyer & Maria Julia Trombetta (ed.), International Handbook of Energy Security, chapter 9, pages 174-205, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    8. Mori, Akihisa, 2019. "Temporal dynamics of infrasystem transition: The case of electricity system transition in Japan," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 186-194.
    9. Vivoda, Vlado, 2012. "Japan’s energy security predicament post-Fukushima," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 135-143.
    10. Yao, Lixia & Shi, Xunpeng & Andrews-Speed, Philip, 2018. "Conceptualization of energy security in resource-poor economies: The role of the nature of economy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 394-402.
    11. Jae-Seung Lee, 2013. "Towards green energy cooperation in Northeast Asia: implications from European experiences," Asia Europe Journal, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 231-245, September.
    12. Keita Honjo & Masahiko Fujii, 2014. "Impacts of demographic, meteorological, and economic changes on household CO 2 emissions in the 47 prefectures of Japan," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 6(1), pages 13-30, March.
    13. Blarke, Morten B. & Jenkins, Bryan M., 2013. "SuperGrid or SmartGrid: Competing strategies for large-scale integration of intermittent renewables?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 381-390.
    14. Su, Xuanming & Zhou, Weisheng & Sun, Faming & Nakagami, Ken'Ichi, 2014. "Possible pathways for dealing with Japan's post-Fukushima challenge and achieving CO2 emission reduction targets in 2030," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 90-97.
    15. Chowdhury, Sanjeeda & Sumita, Ushio & Islam, Ashraful & Bedja, Idriss, 2014. "Importance of policy for energy system transformation: Diffusion of PV technology in Japan and Germany," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 285-293.
    16. Huh, Sung-Yoon & Lee, Jongsu & Shin, Jungwoo, 2015. "The economic value of South Korea׳s renewable energy policies (RPS, RFS, and RHO): A contingent valuation study," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 64-72.
    17. Mardiana, A. & Riffat, S.B., 2013. "Review on physical and performance parameters of heat recovery systems for building applications," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 174-190.
    18. Yusta, Jose M. & Correa, Gabriel J. & Lacal-Arántegui, Roberto, 2011. "Methodologies and applications for critical infrastructure protection: State-of-the-art," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6100-6119, October.
    19. Huenteler, Joern & Schmidt, Tobias S. & Kanie, Norichika, 2012. "Japan's post-Fukushima challenge – implications from the German experience on renewable energy policy," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 6-11.
    20. Sugiyama, Masahiro & Fujimori, Shinichiro & Wada, Kenichi & Endo, Seiya & Fujii, Yasumasa & Komiyama, Ryoichi & Kato, Etsushi & Kurosawa, Atsushi & Matsuo, Yuhji & Oshiro, Ken & Sano, Fuminori & Shira, 2019. "Japan's long-term climate mitigation policy: Multi-model assessment and sectoral challenges," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 167(C), pages 1120-1131.

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    Japan Energy policy Nuclear power;

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