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CO2 emissions embodied in China-US trade: Input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio

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  • Du, Huibin
  • Guo, Jianghong
  • Mao, Guozhu
  • Smith, Alexander M.
  • Wang, Xuxu
  • Wang, Yuan

Abstract

To gain insight into changes in CO2 emissions embodied in China-US trade, an input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio (EDR) is used to estimate embodied CO2 emissions; a structural decomposition analysis (SDA) is employed to analyze the driving factors for changes in CO2 emissions embodied in China's exports to the US during 2002-2007. The results of the input-output analysis show that net export of CO2 emissions increased quickly from 2002 to 2005 but decreased from 2005 to 2007. These trends are due to a reduction in total CO2 emission intensity, a decrease in the exchange rate, and small imports of embodied CO2 emissions. The results of the SDA demonstrate that total export volume was the largest driving factor for the increase in embodied CO2 emissions during 2002-2007, followed by intermediate input structure. Direct CO2 emissions intensity had a negative effect on changes in embodied CO2 emissions. The results suggest that China should establish a framework for allocating emission responsibilities, enhance energy efficiency, and improve intermediate input structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Du, Huibin & Guo, Jianghong & Mao, Guozhu & Smith, Alexander M. & Wang, Xuxu & Wang, Yuan, 2011. "CO2 emissions embodied in China-US trade: Input-output analysis based on the emergy/dollar ratio," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 5980-5987, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:39:y:2011:i:10:p:5980-5987
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Hawkins, Jacob & Ma, Chunbo & Schilizzi, Steven & Zhang, Fan, 2015. "Promises and pitfalls in environmentally extended input–output analysis for China: A survey of the literature," Energy Economics, Elsevier, pages 81-88.
    3. Cui, Lian-Biao & Peng, Pan & Zhu, Lei, 2015. "Embodied energy, export policy adjustment and China's sustainable development: A multi-regional input-output analysis," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 457-467.
    4. Lu, Hong-fang & Lin, Bin-le & Campbell, Daniel E. & Sagisaka, Masayuki & Ren, Hai, 2016. "Interactions among energy consumption, economic development and greenhouse gas emissions in Japan after World War II," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1060-1072.
    5. Fernández González, P. & Presno, M.J. & Landajo, M., 2015. "Regional and sectoral attribution to percentage changes in the European Divisia carbonization index," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 1437-1452.
    6. Qi, Tianyu & Winchester, Niven & Karplus, Valerie J. & Zhang, Xiliang, 2014. "Will economic restructuring in China reduce trade-embodied CO2 emissions?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 204-212.
    7. Wang, Haikun & Zhang, Yanxia & Lu, Xi & Nielsen, Chris P. & Bi, Jun, 2015. "Understanding China׳s carbon dioxide emissions from both production and consumption perspectives," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 52(C), pages 189-200.
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    9. Peng, Shuijun & Zhang, Wencheng & Sun, Chuanwang, 2016. "‘Environmental load displacement’ from the North to the South: A consumption-based perspective with a focus on China," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 128(C), pages 147-158.
    10. Jayanthakumaran, Kankesu & Liu, Ying, 2016. "Bi-lateral CO2 emissions embodied in Australia–China trade," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 205-213.
    11. Duan, Yuwan & Jiang, Xuemei, 2017. "Temporal Change of China's Pollution Terms of Trade and its Determinants," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 31-44.
    12. Yang, Ranran & Long, Ruyin & Yue, Ting & Shi, Haihong, 2014. "Calculation of embodied energy in Sino-USA trade: 1997–2011," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 110-119.
    13. Das, Aparna & Paul, Saikat Kumar, 2014. "CO2 emissions from household consumption in India between 1993–94 and 2006–07: A decomposition analysis," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 90-105.
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    15. repec:eee:enepol:v:111:y:2017:i:c:p:394-402 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Gasim, Anwar A., 2015. "The embodied energy in trade: What role does specialization play?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 186-197.
    17. repec:eee:eneeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:13-23 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Cortés-Borda, D. & Guillén-Gosálbez, G. & Jiménez, L., 2015. "Solar energy embodied in international trade of goods and services: A multi-regional input–output approach," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 578-588.
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    20. Liu, Hongguang & Liu, Weidong & Fan, Xiaomei & Zou, Wei, 2015. "Carbon emissions embodied in demand–supply chains in China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 294-305.
    21. Liu, Hongtao & Polenske, Karen R. & Guilhoto, Joaquim José Martins & Xi, Youmin, 2014. "Direct and indirect energy use in China and the United States," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 414-420.

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