IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Financial weather derivatives for corn production in Northern China: A comparison of pricing methods


  • Sun, Baojing
  • van Kooten, G. Cornelis


The focus in this study is on the pricing of financial derivatives for hedging weather risks in crop production. Employing data from an earlier study, we compare different methods for pricing weather derivative options based on growing degree days (GDDs). We employ average daily temperatures to derive GDDs using three approaches: (1) An econometric approach with a sine function; (2) Monte Carlo simulation with a sine function and three methods to estimate the mean-reversion parameter; and (3) a historic approach (burn analysis) based on a 10-year moving average of GDDs. Results indicate that the historical average method provides the best fit, followed by the stochastic process with a high mean reversion speed, and, finally, the approach using the econometrically estimated sine function. Depending on the method used, premiums for weather derivative options vary from $21.27 to $24.39 per GDD index contract.

Suggested Citation

  • Sun, Baojing & van Kooten, G. Cornelis, 2015. "Financial weather derivatives for corn production in Northern China: A comparison of pricing methods," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 201-209.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:32:y:2015:i:c:p:201-209
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jempfin.2015.03.014

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sean D. Campbell & Francis X. Diebold, 2005. "Weather Forecasting for Weather Derivatives," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 100, pages 6-16, March.
    2. Avinash K. Dixit & Robert S. Pindyck, 1994. "Investment under Uncertainty," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 5474.
    3. Dorje Brody & Joanna Syroka & Mihail Zervos, 2002. "Dynamical pricing of weather derivatives," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(3), pages 189-198.
    4. Vedenov, Dmitry V. & Barnett, Barry J., 2004. "Efficiency of Weather Derivatives as Primary Crop Insurance Instruments," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 29(3), pages 1-17, December.
    5. Frank Schiller & Gerold Seidler & Maximilian Wimmer, 2012. "Temperature models for pricing weather derivatives," Quantitative Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 489-500, March.
    6. Hung‐Hsi Huang & Yung‐Ming Shiu & Pei‐Syun Lin, 2008. "HDD and CDD option pricing with market price of weather risk for Taiwan," Journal of Futures Markets, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 28(8), pages 790-814, August.
    7. Ahmet Goncu, 2011. "Pricing temperature-based weather contracts: an application to China," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(14), pages 1349-1354.
    8. Turvey, Calum G. & Kong, Rong & Belltawn, Burgen, 2009. "Weather Risk and the Viability of Weather Insurance In Western China," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49362, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    9. Peter Alaton & Boualem Djehiche & David Stillberger, 2002. "On modelling and pricing weather derivatives," Applied Mathematical Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(1), pages 1-20.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Agricultural finance; Stochastic processes; Pricing weather options; Growing degree days for corn production;

    JEL classification:

    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:32:y:2015:i:c:p:201-209. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.