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On the failure of mutual fund industry regulation


  • Mugerman, Yevgeny
  • Hecht, Yoel
  • Wiener, Zvi


Mutual funds grant retail investors access to professional asset management and facilitate exposure to financial markets. The academic literature and regulators have traditionally focused on issues such as portfolio diversification, performance, liquidity, and management fees in attempts to analyze and improve market efficiency. Scarce attention has been paid to market risk management. There is unanimity on this issue throughout the world. The lack of regulatory attention creates a gap, which is partially covered by mutual fund rating agents and asset management analysts. Those agents base their ratings on various rating methodologies — which engenders a wide array of difficulties, especially for retail investors. We employ proprietary data on historic mutual fund ratings in Israel and show that retail investors do not necessarily benefit from this diversity of opinions. Furthermore, we find that the voluntary implementation of quantitative risk measurement techniques by certain mutual funds tends to be associated with fewer outflows and greater inflows in these funds. Interestingly, the application of (backward-looking) value-at-risk analysis is associated with fewer outflows, while (forward-looking) stress-testing techniques are associated with greater inflows. Given the similarity of mutual fund industry environments across the globe, our results have worldwide applicability.

Suggested Citation

  • Mugerman, Yevgeny & Hecht, Yoel & Wiener, Zvi, 2019. "On the failure of mutual fund industry regulation," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 51-72.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ememar:v:38:y:2019:i:c:p:51-72
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ememar.2018.11.010

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cici, Gjergji & Palacios, Luis-Felipe, 2015. "On the use of options by mutual funds: Do they know what they are doing?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 157-168.
    2. Sanjeev Bhojraj & Young Jun Cho & Nir Yehuda, 2012. "Mutual Fund Family Size and Mutual Fund Performance: The Role of Regulatory Changes," Journal of Accounting Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 50(3), pages 647-684, June.
    3. Hamdani, Assaf & Kandel, Eugene & Mugerman, Yevgeny & Yafeh, Yishay, 2017. "Incentive Fees and Competition in Pension Funds: Evidence from a Regulatory Experiment," Journal of Law, Finance, and Accounting, now publishers, vol. 2(1), pages 49-86, June.
    4. Berk, Jonathan B. & van Binsbergen, Jules H., 2015. "Measuring skill in the mutual fund industry," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1), pages 1-20.
    5. Brad M. Barber & Xing Huang & Terrance Odean, 2016. "Which Factors Matter to Investors? Evidence from Mutual Fund Flows," The Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 29(10), pages 2600-2642.
    6. Tobias Adrian & Adam B. Ashcraft, 2012. "Shadow Banking Regulation," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 4(1), pages 99-140, October.
    7. Sergey Chernenko & Adi Sunderam, 2014. "Frictions in Shadow Banking: Evidence from the Lending Behavior of Money Market Mutual Funds," The Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 27(6), pages 1717-1750.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christos Argyropoulos & Bertrand Candelon & Jean-Baptiste Hasse & Ekaterini Panopoulou, 2020. "Toward a Macroprudential Regulatory Framework for Mutual Funds," GRU Working Paper Series GRU_2020_008, City University of Hong Kong, Department of Economics and Finance, Global Research Unit.
    2. Mugerman, Yevgeny & Steinberg, Nadav & Wiener, Zvi, 2022. "The exclamation mark of Cain: Risk salience and mutual fund flows," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    3. Jean-Baptiste Hasse, 2022. "Systemic risk: a network approach," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 63(1), pages 313-344, July.
    4. Jitmaneeroj, Boonlert, 2023. "Time-varying fund manager skills of socially responsible investing (SRI) funds in developed and emerging markets," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    5. Pornanong Budsaratragoon & Boonlert Jitmaneeroj, 2021. "Fund Ratings of Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) Funds: A Precautionary Note," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(14), pages 1-25, July.
    6. Cumming, Douglas & Johan, Sofia & Zhang, Yelin, 2019. "What is mutual fund flow?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 222-251.

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    More about this item


    Mutual fund industry regulation; Mutual fund flows; Value-at-risk;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation


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