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Uniform confidence bands for functions estimated nonparametrically with instrumental variables

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  • Horowitz, Joel L.
  • Lee, Sokbae

Abstract

This paper is concerned with developing uniform confidence bands for functions estimated nonparametrically with instrumental variables. We show that a sieve nonparametric instrumental variables estimator is pointwise asymptotically normally distributed. The asymptotic normality result holds in both mildly and severely ill-posed cases. We present methods to obtain a uniform confidence band and show that the bootstrap can be used to obtain the required critical values. Monte Carlo experiments illustrate the finite-sample performance of the uniform confidence band.

Suggested Citation

  • Horowitz, Joel L. & Lee, Sokbae, 2012. "Uniform confidence bands for functions estimated nonparametrically with instrumental variables," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 168(2), pages 175-188.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:econom:v:168:y:2012:i:2:p:175-188
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jeconom.2011.12.001
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models With Possibly Nonsmooth Generalized Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jul 2009.
    2. V. Chernozhukov & I. Fernández-Val & A. Galichon, 2009. "Improving point and interval estimators of monotone functions by rearrangement," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 96(3), pages 559-575.
    3. Hall, Peter & Titterington, D. M., 1988. "On confidence bands in nonparametric density estimation and regression," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 228-254, October.
    4. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell & Francis Vella, 1999. "Nonparametric Estimation of Triangular Simultaneous Equations Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(3), pages 565-604, May.
    5. Joel L. Horowitz, 2007. "Asymptotic Normality Of A Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Estimator," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 48(4), pages 1329-1349, November.
    6. Chen, Xiaohong & Pouzo, Demian, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Moments," Working Papers 47, Yale University, Department of Economics.
    7. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2009. "Efficient estimation of semiparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth residuals," CeMMAP working papers CWP20/09, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    8. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of nonparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth moments," CeMMAP working papers CWP12/08, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    9. Richard Blundell & Xiaohong Chen & Dennis Kristensen, 2007. "Semi-Nonparametric IV Estimation of Shape-Invariant Engel Curves," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(6), pages 1613-1669, November.
    10. Whitney K. Newey & James L. Powell, 2003. "Instrumental Variable Estimation of Nonparametric Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(5), pages 1565-1578, September.
    11. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Efficient Estimation of Semiparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Residuals," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1640R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Jul 2009.
    12. Joel L. Horowitz & Sokbae Lee, 2007. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Estimation of a Quantile Regression Model," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 75(4), pages 1191-1208, July.
    13. Chernozhukov, Victor & Imbens, Guido W. & Newey, Whitney K., 2007. "Instrumental variable estimation of nonseparable models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 139(1), pages 4-14, July.
    14. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2008. "Estimation of Nonparametric Conditional Moment Models with Possibly Nonsmooth Moments," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1650, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Oct 2008.
    15. Chen, Xiaohong & Pouzo, Demian, 2009. "Efficient estimation of semiparametric conditional moment models with possibly nonsmooth residuals," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 152(1), pages 46-60, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Yevgeniy Kovchegov & Nese Yildiz, 2014. "Orthogonal Polynomials for Seminonparametric Instrumental Variables Model," Papers 1409.1620, arXiv.org.
    2. Alexandre Belloni & Victor Chernozhukov & Denis Chetverikov & Iv'an Fern'andez-Val, 2011. "Conditional Quantile Processes based on Series or Many Regressors," Papers 1105.6154, arXiv.org, revised Jul 2017.
    3. Joel L. Horowitz, 2013. "Ill-posed inverse problems in economics," CeMMAP working papers CWP37/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    4. Matthew A. Masten & Alexandre Poirier, 2017. "Inference on Breakdown Frontiers," Papers 1705.04765, arXiv.org, revised Oct 2017.
    5. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2014. "Sieve Wald and QLR Inferences on Semi/nonparametric Conditional Moment Models," Papers 1411.1144, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2015.
    6. Xiaohong Chen & Yin Jia Qiu, 2016. "Methods for Nonparametric and Semiparametric Regressions with Endogeneity: a Gentle Guide," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 2032, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    7. repec:eee:econom:v:202:y:2018:i:2:p:268-285 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Horowitz, Joel L., 2014. "Adaptive nonparametric instrumental variables estimation: Empirical choice of the regularization parameter," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 180(2), pages 158-173.
    9. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2013. "Sieve Wald and QLR Inferences on Semi/nonparametric Conditional Moment Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1897R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 2014.
    10. Denis Chetverikov & Daniel Wilhelm, 2017. "Nonparametric Instrumental Variable Estimation Under Monotonicity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 85, pages 1303-1320, July.
    11. Babii, Andrii, 2017. "Honest confidence sets in nonparametric IV regression and other ill-posed models," TSE Working Papers 17-803, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    12. Breunig, Christoph & Mammen, Enno & Simoni, Anna, 2017. "Nonparametric Estimation in Case of Endogenous Selection," Rationality and Competition Discussion Paper Series 58, CRC TRR 190 Rationality and Competition.
    13. Joel L. Horowitz, 2013. "Adaptive nonparametric instrumental variables estimation: empirical choice of the regularization parameter," CeMMAP working papers CWP30/13, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    14. Goldman, Matt & Kaplan, David M., 2017. "Fractional order statistic approximation for nonparametric conditional quantile inference," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 196(2), pages 331-346.
    15. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2014. "Sieve Wald and QLR Inferences on Semi/nonparametric Conditional Moment Models," CeMMAP working papers CWP38/14, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    16. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy M. Christensen, 2015. "Optimal sup-norm rates, adaptivity and inference in nonparametric instrumental variables estimation," CeMMAP working papers CWP32/15, Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
    17. Xiaohong Chen & Demian Pouzo, 2013. "Sieve Wald and QLR Inferences on Semi/nonparametric Conditional Moment Models," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1897RR, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Nov 2014.
    18. Xiaohong Chen & Timothy Christensen, 2013. "Optimal Sup-norm Rates, Adaptivity and Inference in Nonparametric Instrumental Variables Estimation," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1923R, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Apr 2015.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bootstrap; Instrumental variables; Sieve estimator; Uniform confidence band;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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