Fractionalization and trust in India: A field-experiment
Is India’s high fractionalization associated with mistrust between its two main religious communities? An inter-ethnic trust game field experiment confirms intergroup bias in mutually lower offers between urban Muslims and Hindus in Mumbai. There are no differences in trustworthiness based on the religion of responders or of the co-players they respond to. Hindus generally have greater trust and expectations of others’ trust but also of ethnocentrism.
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