The macroeconomic effects of fiscal policy in a stochastically growing economy
This paper develops a stochastic model of endogenous growth with productive government expenditure. Herein, we specify the CES production function according to recent empirical evidence. The elasticity of substitution plays a key role in determining macroeconomic performance and the effectiveness of fiscal policy under uncertainty. Results demonstrate that a large elasticity of substitution provides a large expected growth rate and also large volatility of the growth rate. Regarding these effects, the growth-maximizing tax rate and welfare-maximizing tax rate under uncertainty are larger or smaller than those of deterministic economy according to the elasticity of substitution.
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